superelevation


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Related to superelevation: centrifugal force

superelevation

(ˌsuːpərˌɛlɪˈveɪʃən)
n
1. (Civil Engineering) another name for bank27
2. (Civil Engineering) the difference between the heights of the sides of a road or railway track on a bend
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014

bank1

(bæŋk)
n.
1. a long pile or heap; mass: a bank of earth; a bank of clouds.
2. a slope or acclivity.
3. the slope immediately bordering a stream course along which the water normally runs.
4. a broad elevation of the sea floor around which the water is relatively shallow but not a hazard to surface navigation.
5. Also called cant. the inclination of the bed of a banked road or track.
6. the lateral inclination of an aircraft, esp. during a turn.
7. the cushion of a billiard table.
v.t.
8. to border with or like a bank; embank: banking the flooded river with sandbags.
9. to form into a bank or heap: to bank snow along a path.
10. to build (a road or track) with an upward slope from the inner edge to the outer edge at a curve.
11. to tip or incline (an airplane) laterally.
12. (in billiards or pool)
a. to drive (a ball) to the cushion.
b. to pocket (the object ball) by driving it against the bank.
13. to cover (a fire) with ashes or fuel to make it burn long and slowly.
v.i.
14. to build up in or form banks, as clouds or snow.
15. (of an airplane) to tip or incline laterally.
16. (of a road or track) to slope upward from the inner edge to the outer edge at a curve.
[1150–1200; Middle English banke, Old English hōbanca couch, c. Old Norse bakki elevation, hill < Germanic *bank-ōn-; compare bank3, bench]

bank2

(bæŋk)
n.
1. an institution for receiving, lending, and safeguarding money and transacting other financial business.
2. the stock of pieces drawn upon by players in the course of a game, as dominoes.
3. the person or office in a gambling house that holds and distributes cash.
4. a storage place: blood bank; sperm bank.
5. a store or reserve.
v.i.
6. to keep money in or have an account with a bank.
v.t.
7. to deposit in a bank.
8. bank on, to count on; depend on.
[1425–75; late Middle English < Middle French banque < Italian banca table, counter, moneychanger's table < Germanic; compare Old High German bank bench]

bank3

(bæŋk)
n.
1. an arrangement of objects in a line or in tiers: a bank of lights.
2. a bench for rowers in a galley.
3. the group of rowers occupying one bench or rowing one oar.
4. a number of similar devices connected to act together: a bank of transformers.
v.t.
5. to arrange in a bank.
[1200–50; Middle English bank(e) < Old French banc bench < Germanic; see bank1]
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.
Translations

superelevation

n (of bend)Überhöhung f
Collins German Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged 7th Edition 2005. © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1980 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1997, 1999, 2004, 2005, 2007
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References in periodicals archive ?
The dashed lines illustrate the relationship between the designated design speed from the AASHTO Green Book, the maximum rate of superelevation, and the minimum horizontal curve radius.
(2014) used a combination of field data and analytical and vehicle dynamics simulation models to evaluate geometric design criteria for sharp horizontal curves on steep grades and put forward the limit of maximum superelevation rate on a simple horizontal curve combined with vertical alignments [22].
The accurate calculation of maximum superelevation of debris flow is crucial for designing debris flow prevention projects [1, 4, 5].
V Curve Length of Super- Deficient Length of radius circular elevation superelevation transition arc track (km/h) (m) (m) (mm) (mm) (m) 290 3000 200 270 60 300
In contrast, MM1 yielded reasonable results, in terms of the superelevation phenomena as well as velocity distribution.
9: Left and right superelevation performance in flight assessment corridor
Research on the intensive formation of external rail side wear in the curve points to the following factors: uncontrolled (railway line plan and profile), partially controlled (train weight, axial loads) and controlled (train speed, rail and wheel steel toughness, wheel and rail lubrication, superelevation, gauge) (Povilaitiene, Laurinavicius 2004).
But Mr Foot said the radius of curves, their superelevation, the gradients and the sight lines of motorways were all determined with a top speed of 70mph in mind.
Also cited in Eco we find Hjelmslev's definition of connotative semiotics which consists of a "superelevation of codes" or what we may call a recursive process by which the denotative code provides the ground for another code.
In more recent theory, Jacques Derrida in his The Truth in Painting stressed that the sublime depends on "superelevation": "very high, absolutely high, higher than any comparable height, more than comparative, a size not measurable in height, the sublime is superelevation beyond itself" (The Truth 122).