supererogatory

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su·per·e·rog·a·to·ry

 (so͞o′pər-ĭ-rŏg′ə-tôr′ē) also su·per·e·rog·a·tive (-tĭv)
adj.
1. Performed or observed beyond the required or expected degree.
2. Superfluous; unnecessary: "It was supererogatory for her to gloat" (Mary McCarthy).

supererogatory

(ˌsuːpərɛˈrɒɡətərɪ; -trɪ) ,

supererogative

or

supererogant

adj
1. performed to an extent exceeding that required or expected
2. exceeding what is needed; superfluous
3. (Roman Catholic Church) RC Church of, characterizing, or relating to prayers, good works, etc, performed over and above those prescribed as obligatory
[C16: from Medieval Latin superērogātōrius; see supererogate]
ˌsupereˈrogatorily adv

su•per•e•rog•a•to•ry

(ˌsu pər əˈrɒg əˌtɔr i, -ˌtoʊr i)

adj.
1. going beyond the requirements of duty.
2. greater than that required or needed; superfluous.
[1585–95]
su`per•e•rog′a•to`ri•ly, adv.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Adj.1.supererogatory - more than is needed, desired, or required; "trying to lose excess weight"; "found some extra change lying on the dresser"; "yet another book on heraldry might be thought redundant"; "skills made redundant by technological advance"; "sleeping in the spare room"; "supernumerary ornamentation"; "it was supererogatory of her to gloat"; "delete superfluous (or unnecessary) words"; "extra ribs as well as other supernumerary internal parts"; "surplus cheese distributed to the needy"
unnecessary, unneeded - not necessary

supererogatory

adjective
1. Being more than is needed, desired, or appropriate:
2. Not required, necessary, or warranted by the circumstances of the case:
References in periodicals archive ?
(1) Tabarru' bil-'ata' means, "he gave what was not incumbent or obligatory on him; he gave supererogatorily; or he gave gratuitously, unasked, or unbidden." The jurists, taking into consideration the basic linguistic meanings and the essence projected by wasiyyah, waqf, hibah, 'ariyah, qard and other similar contracts derive the technical meaning of tabarru' as, "a contract which extends wealth or its benefit to others, immediately or in the future, without desiring a compensation and with the intention of doing a pious deed (bi qasd al-birr wal-ma'ruf).
But even if we were to let this mistake stand, the final conclusion still follows: nobody is at fault in failing to act supererogatorily.
Since not all beneficent acts, including "little benefactions", are obligatory, but people are praiseworthy for doing them, then at least sometimes people act supererogatorily in virtue of acting beneficently.