"I see that you have quite gone over to the supernaturalists
. But now, Dr.
And Augray is, of course, a full-grown supernaturalist
, a profound believer in the literal existence of what cannot be seen, a believer in Maleldil.
Babbitt observes that the faculties remaining uncultivated by the supernaturalist
(which thus decay, degenerating) were cultivated by the naturalist, and vice-versa, the faculties especially related to contemplative life were cultivated by the supernaturalist
, but not also by the naturalist, in whom these atrophy by the long absence of use.
There is no avoiding that dilemma: you must be either a naturalist or a supernaturalist
." (71) Babbitt's humanism, at bottom, was as much a project of self-invention as it was one of self-control.
Thus, while the Scottish, commonsense intellect is seen as naturalist and foundationalist, the English, Romantic mind is supernaturalist
, ironic, and dialectical; while the former deals with quotidian certainties, the latter explores sublime indeterminacies.
As I have argued, Forster provides two narratives to explain or account for the crash: the rationalist English and the supernaturalist
EVENING OF CLAIRVOYANCE: Join renowned supernaturalist
David Holt for a very different evening at The Brindley on September 4.
Whether the crone's "magic" is allegorical artistry, as Person and Leverenz argue, or whether "the old witch's spiritualistic power amounts to nothing more than the ability to lend a spectral reality to the lady's worst fears," as Colacurcio suggests (43), critics easily look beyond the "supernaturalist
surface of the narrative" (Thompson 62), even as most readings of the story accept, prima facie, that the old woman is literally an evil and demonic character.
It avoids deistic naturalism/materialism and crude supernaturalist
Chesterton's first move in endowing the detective story with a spiritual allegory comes, as indicated, with dismissing both the supernaturalist
and the rationalist positions.
This stern Scottish non-conformist would normally disdain such supernaturalist
rituals, and indeed he ironised his involvement even as he wrestled with the dubious spirits for any clue to Tom's fate.
He scrapes by as part of a traveling circus, passing himself off as a supernaturalist
, allegedly raising spirits of the dead.