Authors' intentions are crucial to both, it is just that Solum wants to stake out the position, in contrast to Alexander, that "conventional semantic meanings are not identical with or reducible to individual communicative intentions, nor are they supervenient
on such meanings." (p.
(15) Or, in more technical terms, a natural phenomenon is reductively explainable in terms of some low-level properties when it is logically supervenient
on those properties.
One of the other studies suggests that plasmid-encoded quinolone resistance determinant gene causing low-level fluoroquinolone resistance was located on KP plasmids encoding KPC genes. Another study suggests that fluoroquinolones led to upregulation of the multidrug efflux pump MexEF-OprN and reduced levels of OprD porin, with supervenient
resistance to both fluoroquinolone and carbapenems. The significance of these findings is not clear, but they have indicated that restricting the inappropriate use of antibacterial agents will decrease the chance of spreading CRKP.
courtesy, a chief sinner who could only hope for supervenient
What differentiates the resulting form of structural realism from standard scientific realism is that the latter regards the mind-independent modal relations between phenomena as supervenient
on the properties of unobservable objects and the external relations between them, rather than this structure being ontologically basic.
issues from neither a supervenient
, expressive self nor an
In this way, "chemical properties are 'supervenient
'--or 'supervene'--on physical properties, and mental states are 'supervenient
' on brain states." (32) Higher-level entities that supervene on more fundamental entities are formed by their constitutive relationships, which organize the fundamental entities into more complex entities, whose characteristics and behaviors cannot be predicted by knowledge of the fundamental entities.
When group agency emerges, however, it shares similar characteristics with other supervenient
Invoking property duality or triality has an added benefit to help explain to those skeptics of emergence how a supervenient
system can have properties not possessed by its components.
44r/ Feare of other superinducted Laws and Government, mutuall pactions and such like, may (h) give an external and adventitious coercion to him to observe those Common Rules of Reason by which such Lawes are superinducted, and in conformity whereunto they are made; yett still the Rule of Reason simply consider'd (excluding the authority of the Supream Legislator) would stil (i) be without the true formall Nature of a Law, because tho it were an excellent Rule, yet it would induce no Obligation upon him that hath it but he might use, or not use it (j) at his pleasure, if he can but deliver himself from the Difficultys of other external supervenient
Government (k) Laws or Penaltys either by Secrecy or Power.