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n. Linguistics
The use of an unrelated form to complete a paradigm, as the past tense went of the verb go, goes, going, gone.

[From Latin supplētus, past participle of supplēre, to supply; see supply.]

sup·ple′tive adj.


(Linguistics) the use of an unrelated word to complete the otherwise defective paradigm of a given word, as for example the use of went for the past tense of go
[C14: from Medieval Latin supplētiō a completing, from Latin supplēre to supply1]
supˈpletive n, adj


(səˈpli ʃən)

the use in inflection or derivation of a form that is not related to the primary form of a word, as the use of better as the comparative of good or went as the past tense of go.
[1275–1325; Middle English: completion < Medieval Latin supplētiō= Latin supplē(re) (see supplement) + -tiō -tion]
sup•ple•tive (səˈpli tɪv, ˈsʌp lɪ tɪv) adj.
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References in periodicals archive ?
Accounting for suppletion involves a somewhat different kind of extension of Bybee's diagrammaticity.
160-80) that are represented as "one suppletive paradigm" (the forms regularly excluded from this suppletion, such as the 2mpl imperative or the 2ms and 3mfs wayyiqtol, remain beyond the scope of the discussion) and can fulfill a very wide range of functions: ventive, andative, imperfective aspect, volitative mood, topic shift, and discourse marker (pp.
The reason for this lies in their historically strong distinctive forms, structured as portmanteau morphemes and often showing a high degree of suppletion (see Howe 1996: 70).
Suppletion is another process which involves total modifications as in strike and struck, go and went; while tonal modification is another process obvious in the syllable stress of English, example: transport - transport.
Under an approach of this kind, paradigms are recognised on the basis of semantic relations, and stem suppletion is a possibility in derivational paradigms just as it is, quite uncontroversially, in inflectional paradigms, (...) This, it seems to me, is to somewhat underplay the innovative character of what Koshiishi is proposing.
He draws on Doel and Clarke's four concepts of virtual reality as: simulation, a dangerous and pale imitation; suppletion, a correcting of defects; s(ed)uction, a fetishized ideal; and as simulacrum,, through Deleuzian actualisation or 'becoming-other' (rather than the realisation of pre-existing possibilities) (37).
Conditions of physical activity differ from the usually investigated conditions at rest because physical activity is accompanied by a change of bodily states due to the involved movements and the energy suppletion necessary for carrying out these movements.
He distinguishes six types of marking: suppletion (e.g., via for the combination of Route directionality and In), marking (e.g., into for Goal directionality and In), projection (e.g., from under for Source and Under), Government (e.g., German in combining with accusative case to express Goal meaning and with dative case to express Place: in [die.sub.ACC] Stadt 'into the city' vs.
For comparative usage-data see Bernard Comrie, "Recipient Person Suppletion in the Verb 'give'," in Mary Ruth Wise et al.
Another group includes verbs such as MINEMA 'go' and OLEMA 'be', which exhibit suppletion and other irregularities.