sustentacular cell

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sustentacular cell

n.
One of the supporting cells of an epithelial membrane or tissue.
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In the present study only one supporting cell on the surface of the olfactory lamellae was observed (Fig.
There are long cilia at the tip of each sensory cell, which give rise to the ciliary tuft at the top of each papilla as observed under SEM; (2) a supporting cell which has a columnar or pyramidal shape, and it is generally larger than the sensory cells.
7,8) Jones and Corwin have proposed that a subpopulation of cells localized in the supporting cell layer in mammals may be progenitor cells that are responsible for limited hair cell regeneration in vestibular organs such as the utricle.
In their experiments, they mixed three recipes of blood vessel starter solutions, each with a different commonly used supporting cell type: lung fibroblasts, adult stem cells from fat and adult stem cells from bone marrow.
The regeneration takes place when cells that support each hair cell divide to produce a new hair cell and a new supporting cell.
To create variants, researchers place plant tissue in a container of culture medium, a mixture of substances supporting cell growth.
The latest patent joins others that the company has already been granted in Israel and Europe, for its innovative way of producing supporting cells in the central nervous system from stem cells -- including myelin-producing cells.
Researchers can't yet reproduce the supporting cells in the lab and so need to get those cells from embryos, Hayashi says.
Another promising approach is to directly reprogram supporting cells, already present in the heart--for instance, fibroblasts (e.
The experiments tested the efficacy of injecting the brain supporting cells (astrocytes) produced through the company's technology from pluripotent stem cells.
But new research reveals that supporting cells in the ear can turn into hair cells in newborn mice.
Astrocytes are neural supporting cells that have been shown to be involved in neurodegenerative diseases such as Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis (ALS).

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