([dagger]) Other infections not listed include pneumonia, septic arthritis, puerperal sepsis, cellulitis, epiglottitis, and supraglottitis
. With the exception of bacteremia only, a patient might have multiple types of infections simultaneously.
Although, the term "tracheotomy" was first used in 1739 by Lorenz Heister, it dates back to 2000 BC.1 Currently, two main indications for tracheotomy are Upper Airway Compromise (UAC) and Prolonged Intubation (PI).2 In the first half of the 20th century, tracheotomies performed due to UAC were far more frequent with indications of infections such as diphtheria, acute supraglottitis
and deep neck abscesses.
Bizaki et al . had identified concomitant diseases (e.g., diabetes, respiratory problems, and compromised immune system, etc.) and other local infections that compromised the regional supraglottic immunity might increase the risk for acute supraglottitis
Rather than meningitis or septicaemia, some people with MenW infection may get septic arthritis or a severe respiratory tract infection, such as pneumonia, epiglottitis or supraglottitis
(in these latter two conditions there is a dangerous swelling around the "lid" that covers the windpipe, blocking the flow of air into the lungs).
(1) Other etiologies besides acute viral laryngotrache itis--such as supraglottitis
, retropharyngeal abscess, bacterial tracheitis, or foreign body--should be considered in these atypical cases.
The 2 previously healthy Hif case-patients had initial diagnoses of pneumonia and supraglottitis
but recovered uneventfully.
Epiglottitis (or supraglottitis
) is seen among children aged 2 to 8 years; it uncommonly produces the barking cough heard with laryngotracheobronchitis.
We report a case of an acute necrotizing supraglottitis
in a healthy patient.
Of the five infants, three developed meningitis, one developed pneumonia, and one developed supraglottitis
. None of the infants attended child care, and all cases occurred in different counties.
Epiglottitis, occasionally called acute supraglottitis
, essentially results from a swollen and distorted epiglottis, producing some degree of upper airway obstruction.
The disease he refers to is epiglottitis, or, to use its more precise name, supraglottitis
. This bacterial infection of the tissues directly above the vocal cords.
Changing patterns in pediatric supraglottitis
: a multi-institutional review, 1980-1992.