One who ventures to believe that Adam need not have sinned unless he had a mind to -- in opposition to the Supralapsarians
, who hold that that luckless person's fall was decreed from the beginning.
' double predestination had been approved in the Lambeth Articles, ratified by the archbishops of Canterbury and York at Lambeth in 1595, and only failed to be authorized for the Church of England by the refusal of Queen Elizabeth to approve them.
First, the chapter on Calvin proposes a "supralapsarian
" thesis "as a means to interrogate Calvin's doctrine of the motivation for the Incarnation" (25).
Here as in Roman Forgeries, Traherne's eagerness to insert himself into topical theological controversies--namely, the supralapsarian
debate over the order of God's eternal decrees--seems to strain against the infinite and radical optimism that Balakier ascribes to Traherne.
(43) Edwin Van Driel, Incarnation Anyway: Arguments for Supralapsarian
Christology (New York: Oxford University Press, 2008).
and atonement-limiting version of Reformed theology, which Moore dubs "strict Elizabethan particularism" (68), led Perkins to deny that the call of the gospel for sinners to believe implied that God desired to save the reprobate.
As Shami shows, Donne accepts the biblical teaching of predestination, but rejects supralapsarian
interpretations, and critiques "those who divorce [this] doctrine from its implementation through Christ and his ordinances" (95).
(33) This, so called, supralapsarian
view, gives an absolute priority to the decree of predestination from which all the other decrees stem from.
He did not want a visible church to hold doctrines on original sin or on Calvin's supralapsarian
predestination because they make a tyrant of God.
Vos brings out clearly the supralapsarian
perspective framing Scotus's doctrine.
Most Calvinist theologians have denied that Calvin was a supralapsarian
, and all have denied that he made God responsible for sin and evil - a charge that Arminians and others have hurled at Calvin and every Calvinist.
, and Beza's even harsher creabilitarian predestination stressed God's omnipotence, but appeared to make him the author of sin.