The study adopts the typology of symbolism by Hinton, Nichols and Ohala (1994, p.4) as the direct linkage between form and meaning, where certain phonemes and suprasegmentals
"are chosen to consistently represent visual, tactile, or proprioceptive properties of objects, such as size or shape." This relationship is more transparent in SLs, as they make use of iconicity to a much greater extent than spoken languages (TAUB, 2001).
Prosodic features and prosodic structure: the phonology of suprasegmentals
. Nueva York: Oxford University Press.
He then systematically explores regional accents by looking at 9 major markers of place, 19 segmental differences, and a few regional suprasegmentals
. The similarities and differences between Australian and New Zealand English are examined in Chapter 15, where Laurie Bauer discusses the origins of the two varieties as well as regional, social and historical variation.
PRONUNCIATION OF THE PHONEMES /t/, /d/, /r/, /r/ AND /L/, VOCALISM /o/ IN ENDINGS AND SUPRASEGMENTALS
: A Proposal BASED ON COMMUNICATIVE AND MUSICAL INTERACTION
Fox, Prosodic Features and Prosodic Structure: The Phonology of Suprasegmentals
, Oxford University Press, New York, NY, USA, 2000.
Segments, words, phrases, clauses and sentences, in addition to suprasegmentals
such as "stress, rhythm and intonation also substantially contribute to this data-driven processing" (van Duzer 1997 in Gilakjani and Ahmadi (2011: 977).
Evidence that the OI group reported awareness of communicative elements of the input (suprasegmentals
) and awareness of small units (words) can be attributed to the limited attention capacity they had available.
Prosody or 'suprasegmentals
' is the features superimposed on syllables (Ladefoged, 2001, p.15), usually consisting of intonation, stress and rhythm.
Couper (2003) taught an intermediate-level ESL course, dedicating two hours weekly to segmentals and suprasegmentals
. The classroom tasks included analysis and explanations of pronunciation features, controlled practice, listen-and-repeat activities, and the use of recorders.
ERIC Descriptors: Foreign Countries; English (Second Language); Second Language Instruction; Second Language Learning; Grade 10; Pronunciation; Semitic Languages; Suprasegmentals
; Textbooks; Instructional Effectiveness; Language Teachers; Teacher Competencies; Vowels; Phonetics; Spelling
Closely related to these are satellite television sources such as Cartoon Network (CN), Mnet Series, Mnet Action etc which have been observed to be effective in the learning and improvement of performance in the use of English suprasegmentals
. It will be too high a goal to aspire a native-like proficiency level but determined learners could get close enough to attain international intelligibility.
Of her earlier works, the more important ones are two books on prosody: "Accent in Serbocroatian" (1963), co-authored by Pavle Ivic, and "Suprasegmentals
" (1970), discussing accent, quantity and tone at the time most phoneticians were fascinated by segmental issues.