surface structure


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surface structure

n.
In early theories of generative grammar, the abstract syntactic structure of a construction, derived from deep structure, that determines and corresponds most closely with observed word order.
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.

surface structure

n
(Grammar) generative grammar a representation of a string of words or morphemes as they occur in a sentence, together with labels and brackets that represent syntactic structure. Compare deep structure
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014

sur′face struc`ture


n.
(in transformational grammar)
1. a structural representation of the final syntactic form of a sentence, as it exists after the transformational component has modified a deep structure.
2. the string of words that is actually produced.
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
While Wright's description of racial turmoil constitutes the surface structure of the novel, the deep structure consists of Fishbelly's initiation into manhood, which Wright portrays in personal, psychological, and sexual terms.
> The polyurethane board RAKU[R] TOOL MB-0600 exhibits a superior surface structure, good di-mensional stability, and low coefficient of thermal expansion.
The wear-resistance of the biological non-smooth surface and the adhesion and drag reduction of the bionic non-smooth bulldozing plates was studied by Ren Luquan etc (Cong Qian et al.,1992; Ren Luquan et al.,1997; Ren Luquan et al.,2003) , meanwhile, Cheng Hong etc (Cheng Hong et al.,2002) studied the relationship between the body wall surface structure of smelly dung beetle and the function of adhesion and drag reduction, which pointed out the structure of small pits and bumps have certain function of friction reduction and wear-resistance.
They therefore have an internal or surface structure with a significant fraction of features, grains, voids, or precipitates in the nanoscale.
Surface Structure, Hydrophobicity, Phagocytosis and Adherence to Matrix Proteins of Bacillus cereus Cells with and without the Crystalline Surface Protein Layer, Infect and Immun., 66(10): 4895-4902.
USDA-ARS scientists analyzed the infrared heating of plums to see how this treatment would affect the plums' surface structure and drying rate.
This material has since become a common source of iron ore, but it retains its capacity for surprise, as a group of researchers in Austria found after conducting a detailed scan of its surface structure.
Patent 8,707,999 (April 29, 2014), "Method for Fabricating Solid Body Having Superhydrophobic Surface Structure and Superhydrophobic Tube Using the Same Method," Dong-Hyun Kim, Sang-Min Lee, II-Sin Bae, Dong-Seob Kim, Duk-Hyun Choi, Chang-Woo Lee, Ji-Hoon Jeon, Seong-Ho Son, Tae-Chul Moon, Woon-Bong Hwang, Joon-Won Kim, Hyun-Chul Park, and Kun-Hong Lee (Postech Academy-Industry Foundation, Kyungsangbuk-do, South Korea).
Among the topics are the effects of nanostructure and composition of solid surfaces on ice adhesion, achieving nanoscale surface structure on polyester film by atmospheric pressure plasma treatment, green composites based on bacterial cellulose produced using a novel low-cost carbon source and soy protein resin, improved approaches to analyzing the nonlinear behavior of adhesives in bonded assemblies, and the reaction of multi-walled carbon nanotubes with gaseous oxygen and chlorine atoms.
According to The Daily Telegraph, Bayern Munich, AC Milan, Lionel Messi and Iker Casillas were involved in the development of the ball, whose six identical panels, alongside a new surface structure will, according to adidas, provide improved grip, touch, stability and aerodynamics.
Zinkicide's unique small particle size and surface structure allows it to be absorbed and mobilized into plant tissues.

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