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sur•ger•y(ˈsɜr dʒə ri)
n., pl. -ger•ies for 3-5.
2. the cutting of bones as part of a surgical operation. — osteotomist, n.
In both British and American English, surgery is medical treatment in which a person's body is cut open so that a surgeon can deal with a diseased or damaged part.
A surgery can be used to refer to a particular medical operation. This meaning is used more in American English than British English.
In British English, a doctor's or dentist's surgery is the building or room where he or she works and where people go to receive advice and minor treatment.
In American English, a building or room like this is called the doctor's or dentist's office.
|Noun||1.||surgery - the branch of medical science that treats disease or injury by operative procedures; "he is professor of surgery at the Harvard Medical School"|
ligation - (surgery) tying a duct or blood vessel with a ligature (as to prevent bleeding during surgery)
surgical operation, surgical procedure, surgical process, surgery, operation - a medical procedure involving an incision with instruments; performed to repair damage or arrest disease in a living body; "they will schedule the operation as soon as an operating room is available"; "he died while undergoing surgery"
centesis - (surgery) the act of puncturing a body cavity or organ with a hollow needle in order to draw out fluid
drain - tube inserted into a body cavity (as during surgery) to remove unwanted material
landmark - an anatomical structure used as a point of origin in locating other anatomical structures (as in surgery) or as point from which measurements can be taken
stoma - a mouth or mouthlike opening (especially one created by surgery on the surface of the body to create an opening to an internal organ)
graft, transplant - (surgery) tissue or organ transplanted from a donor to a recipient; in some cases the patient can be both donor and recipient
medical science - the science of dealing with the maintenance of health and the prevention and treatment of disease
amastia - absence of the mammary glands (either through surgery or developmental defect)
phlebothrombosis, venous thrombosis - thrombosis of a vein without prior inflammation of the vein; associated with sluggish blood flow (as in prolonged bedrest or pregnancy or surgery) or with rapid coagulation of the blood
ligate - bind with a bandage or ligature; "ligate the artery"
extirpate - surgically remove (an organ)
enucleate - remove (a tumor or eye) from an enveloping sac or cover
exenterate - remove the contents of (an organ)
decerebrate - remove the cerebrum from (a human body)
maxillofacial - of or relating to the upper jaw and face (particularly with reference to specialized surgery of the maxilla); "maxillofacial surgery"
|2.||surgery - a room where a doctor or dentist can be consulted; "he read the warning in the doctor's surgery"|
room - an area within a building enclosed by walls and floor and ceiling; "the rooms were very small but they had a nice view"
Britain, Great Britain, U.K., UK, United Kingdom, United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland - a monarchy in northwestern Europe occupying most of the British Isles; divided into England and Scotland and Wales and Northern Ireland; `Great Britain' is often used loosely to refer to the United Kingdom
|3.||surgery - a room in a hospital equipped for the performance of surgical operations; "great care is taken to keep the operating rooms aseptic"|
hospital room - a room in a hospital for the care of patients
|4.||surgery - a medical procedure involving an incision with instruments; performed to repair damage or arrest disease in a living body; "they will schedule the operation as soon as an operating room is available"; "he died while undergoing surgery"|
amputation - a surgical removal of all or part of a limb
angioplasty - an operation to repair a damaged blood vessel or unblock a coronary artery
arthroplasty - surgical reconstruction or replacement of a malformed or degenerated joint
arthroscopy - a minimally invasive operation to repair a damaged joint; the surgeon examines the joint with an arthroscope while making repairs through a small incision
brain surgery - any surgical procedure involving the brain
castration - surgical removal of the testes or ovaries (usually to inhibit hormone secretion in cases of breast cancer in women or prostate cancer in men); "bilateral castration results in sterilization"
cauterisation, cauterization, cautery - the act of coagulating blood and destroying tissue with a hot iron or caustic agent or by freezing
chemosurgery - use of chemical to destroy diseased or malignant tissue; used in treatment of skin cancer
craniotomy - a surgical opening through the skull
cryosurgery - the use of extreme cold (usually liquid nitrogen) to destroy unwanted tissue (warts or cataracts or skin cancers)
curettement - surgery to remove tissue or growths from a bodily cavity (as the uterus) by scraping with a curette
debridement - surgical removal of foreign material and dead tissue from a wound in order to prevent infection and promote healing
decortication - removal of the outer covering of an organ or part
D and C, dilatation and curettage, dilation and curettage - a surgical procedure usually performed under local anesthesia in which the cervix is dilated and the endometrial lining of the uterus is scraped with a curet; performed to obtain tissue samples or to stop prolonged bleeding or to remove small tumors or to remove fragments of placenta after childbirth or as a method of abortion
electrosurgery - surgery performed with electrical devices (as in electrocautery)
enterostomy, enterotomy - surgical operation that creates a permanent opening through the abdominal wall into the intestine
enucleation - surgical removal of something without cutting into it; "the enucleation of the tumor"
wrong-site surgery - a surgical operation performed on the wrong part of the body
evisceration - surgical removal of an organ (or the contents of an organ) from a patient
exenteration - surgical removal of the organs within a body cavity (as those of the pelvis)
fenestration - surgical procedure that creates a new fenestra to the cochlea in order to restore hearing lost because of osteosclerosis
gastrectomy - surgical removal of all or part of the stomach
gastroenterostomy - surgical creation of an opening between the stomach wall and the small intestines; performed when the normal opening has been eliminated
gastrostomy - surgical creation of an opening through the abdominal wall into the stomach (as for gastrogavage)
heart surgery - any surgical procedure involving the heart
haemostasia, haemostasis, hemostasia, hemostasis - surgical procedure of stopping the flow of blood (as with a hemostat)
hysterotomy - surgical incision into the uterus (as in cesarean section)
implantation - a surgical procedure that places something in the human body; "the implantation of radioactive pellets in the prostate gland"
surgical incision, incision, section - the cutting of or into body tissues or organs (especially by a surgeon as part of an operation)
intestinal bypass - surgical operation that shortens the small intestine; used in treating obesity
jejunostomy - surgical creation of an opening between the jejunum and the anterior abdominal wall; will allow artificial feeding
major surgery - any surgical procedure that involves anesthesia or respiratory assistance
microsurgery - surgery using operating microscopes and miniaturized precision instruments to perform intricate procedures on very small structures
minor surgery - any surgical procedure that does not involve anesthesia or respiratory assistance
myotomy - surgical incision or division of a muscle
myringectomy - surgical removal of the eardrum
myringoplasty - surgical repair of a perforated eardrum with a tissue graft
myringotomy - surgical incision into the eardrum (to relieve pressure or release pus from the middle ear)
neurosurgery - any surgery that involves the nervous system (brain or spinal cord or peripheral nerves)
brain surgery → neurocirugía f
heart surgery → cardiocirugía f
he was admitted for surgery on his knee → lo ingresaron para operarlo de la rodilla
to have surgery → ser operado, someterse a una operación (quirúrgica)
see also plastic
she has a Wednesday afternoon surgery → tiene or pasa consulta los miércoles por la tarde
to undergo surgery → subir une intervention
brain surgery → opération f du cerveau
three people waiting for brain surgery → trois personnes attendant une opération du cerveau