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A loose-fitting, white ecclesiastical gown with wide sleeves, worn over a cassock.
Designating a garment with a V-shaped neckline in which fabric from one side of the garment diagonally overlaps fabric from the other side before being sown together.
(Clothing & Fashion) a loose wide-sleeved liturgical vestment of linen, reaching to the knees, worn over the cassock by clergymen, choristers, and acolytes
[C13: via Anglo-French from Old French sourpelis, from Medieval Latin superpellīcium, from super- + pellīcium coat made of skins, from Latin pellis a skin]
1. a loose-fitting, broad-sleeved white vestment worn over a cassock.
2. a garment in which the two halves of the front cross diagonally.adj.
3. designating, forming, or having a closure with diagonally crossing halves:a surplice neckline.
[1250–1300; Middle English surplis < Anglo-French surpliz, Old French surpeliz < Medieval Latin superpellīcium (vestīmentum) literally, (garment) worn over furs]