The German emperor of that day made the usual offer: he would grant to the destroyer of the dragon, any one solitary thing he might ask for; for he had a surplusage
of daughters, and it was customary for dragon-killers to take a daughter for pay.
given to one part is paid out of a reduction from another part of the same creature.
" Also, the law was a "surplusage
in view of the many provisions in the Revised Penal Code on the subject of subversion and illegal associations." RA 1700, signed into law by President Carlos P.
254, 5, "unnecessary surplusage
" in the context of a target lien bond enforcement action, Gaziano concluded.
Another core interpretive principle that bears on this case is the canon against surplusage
. (105) As its name suggests, this canon holds that courts must "give effect, if possible, to every clause and word of a statute." (106) This mandate creates a strong presumption against reading statutory terms or phrases in a manner that duplicates other terms or renders entire clauses superfluous.
291, 299 n.l (2006) ("[I]t is generally presumed that statutes do not contain surplusage
Unless one of the latter provisions is treated as surplusage
, this carefully crafted language implies that the Constitution vests powers in the Government of the United States that are not merely identical or coextensive with the powers it vests in the Departments or Officers of the United States.
(66) Therefore, the majority opinion contradicted its previous holding when it determined that "contract" and "stipulation" were both modified by "of the parties to any civil or criminal action or proceeding" because the result renders the word "contract" "mere surplusage
Is the rule against surplusage
"just good law in the
, though, these pseudo deities, or poon, are doomed by a legacy of infamy.'
The search for holistic-textual tools is meant to capture a set of canons that encourage courts to draw inferences from the whole act or even other statutes, namely the rule of consistent usage and meaningful variation, (188) the in pari materia canon, and the rule against surplusage
. These holistic-textual tools are a bit harder to search for, and the search terms are likely underinclusive, but that should be true across courts and time periods.
More specifically, Mason argues that the "representing" element of identity theft must mean something more than the mere presentation of a document because, if it means no more than this, the "representing" element adds nothing to that crime's use-of-the-document element and, thus, renders the "representing" element surplusage
. It follows, according to Mason, that, because the trial evidence showed only that he presented a credit card and a debit card for payment, the State failed to present sufficient evidence on the "representing" element.