surrounding


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sur·round

 (sə-round′)
tr.v. sur·round·ed, sur·round·ing, sur·rounds
1. To extend on all sides of simultaneously; encircle: the magnetic field that surrounds the earth.
2. To enclose or confine on all sides so as to bar escape or outside communication: The police surrounded the house.
n.
1. Something, such as fencing or a border, that surrounds: a fireplace surround.
2.
a. The area around a thing or place: inflammation extending to the surround of the eye.
b. often surrounds Surroundings; environment: "It was the country, the flat agricultural surround, that so ravished me" (Listener).
3. A method of hunting wild animals by surrounding them and driving them to a place from which they cannot escape.

[Middle English surrounden, to inundate, from Old French suronder, from Late Latin superundāre : Latin super-, super- + Latin undāre, to rise in waves (from unda, wave; see wed- in Indo-European roots).]

sur•round•ing

(səˈraʊn dɪŋ)

n.
1. something that surrounds.
2. surroundings, environing things, circumstances, conditions, etc.; environment.
adj.
3. enclosing or encircling.
4. being the environment or adjacent area.
[1400–50; late Middle English: inundation]
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Adj.1.surrounding - closely encircling; "encompassing mountain ranges"; "the surrounding countryside"
close - at or within a short distance in space or time or having elements near each other; "close to noon"; "how close are we to town?"; "a close formation of ships"

surrounding

adjective
1. nearby, neighbouring, adjacent, local, bordering, adjoining, abutting Aerial bombing of the surrounding area is continuing.
plural noun
1. environment, setting, background, location, neighbourhood, milieu, environs a peaceful holiday home in beautiful surroundings
Translations
مُحيط
okolní
environnantà l’entouralentour
körülvevõ
nærliggjandi
okolitý
civaretraftaki

surrounding

[səˈraʊndɪŋ] ADJ [countryside] → circundante; [hills] → circundante, de alrededor
they disappeared into the surrounding darknessdesaparecieron en la oscuridad (que los envolvía)

surrounding

[səˈraʊndɪŋ] adjenvironnant(e)

surrounding

adjumliegend; in the surrounding countrysidein der Umgebung or Umgegend; in the surrounding darknessin der Dunkelheit, die mich/ihn etc umgab; surrounding tissue (Med) → Bindegewebe nt

surrounding

[səˈraʊndɪŋ] adjcircostante
the surrounding hills → le colline circostanti

surround

(səˈraund) verb
1. to be, or come, all round. Britain is surrounded by sea; Enemy troops surrounded the town; Mystery surrounds his death.
2. to enclose. He surrounded the castle with a high wall.
surˈrounding adjective
lying or being all round. the city and its surrounding suburbs.
surˈroundings noun plural
1. the area etc that is round a place. a pleasant hotel in delightful surroundings.
2. the conditions etc in which a person, animal etc lives. He was happy to be at home again in his usual surroundings.

surrounding

adj (area, tissue, etc.) circundante
References in classic literature ?
He took the precaution of surrounding the palace with a dense cloud, and then hastened to his Court, where his prolonged absence was causing much anxiety.
Nukuheva is the most important of these islands, being the only one at which ships are much in the habit of touching, and is celebrated as being the place where the adventurous Captain Porter refitted his ships during the late war between England and the United States, and whence he sallied out upon the large whaling fleet then sailing under the enemy's flag in the surrounding seas.
Some he dispatched to various other parts of the grounds surrounding the bungalow.
By this road I ascended to a considerable elevation, and obtained a good view of the surrounding woods.
When, as was commonly the case, I had none to commune with, I used to raise the echoes by striking with a paddle on the side of my boat, filling the surrounding woods with circling and dilating sound, stirring them up as the keeper of a menagerie his wild beasts, until I elicited a growl from every wooded vale and hillside.
Indeed to neglect surrounding a city with a wall would be similar to choosing a country which is easy of access to an enemy, or levelling the eminences of it; or as if an individual should not have a wall to his house lest it should be thought that the owner of it was a coward: nor should this be left unconsidered, that those who have a city surrounded with walls may act both ways, either as if it had or as if it had not; but where it has not they cannot do this.
In the hollow breast of the mountains which they were now penetrating, the surrounding heights were clothed with pine; while the declivities of the lower hills afforded abundance of bunch grass for the horses.
As soon as the precise spot is pitched upon, blankets, saddle-cloths, and other coverings are spread over the surrounding grass and bushes, to prevent foot-tracks, or any other derangement; and as few hands as possible are employed.
And so the grand chariot came finally to the high wall surrounding the City, and paused before the magnificent jewel-studded gates.