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(Historical Terms) (in British India) self-government; independence
[C20: from Sanskrit svarāj, from sva self + rājya rule]
swaˈrajism n
swaˈrajist n, adj
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014



1. (in India) self-government.
2. (cap.) (in British India) the political party supporting this principle over British rule.
[1905–10; < Hindi, = Skt sva own + Hindi rāj raj]
swa•raj′ism, n.
swa•raj′ist, n., adj.
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
John Small (1833-1899) and Nathina Hunter Small of the Free Church of Scotland in India, [W]as a girl not yet nineteen when sent to India to learn how to become a missionary.' (2) Annie Small also conducted 'a little school for Mahommedan girls, and visiting the houses both of Musulmans and Hindus ...' (3) Annie Small 'a dynamic woman' 'described as an ardent 'Swarajist" was 'a vegetarian, critical of the British policy in India, and left the mission to work independently for almost a decade before she was invalided home from her missionary career in north India'.
By September 1923, Congress split into two factions, that is, pro council-entry Swarajist Party faction led by Motilal Nehru and C.R.
In the Punjab, Lajpat Rai, a veteran Hindu leader and a great critic of Fazl- i- Husain's ' rul e' in the Punjab and Choudhary Shahabuddin's 'rule' in Lahore,8 had helped the Swarajist election campaign.
When in 1923, the party was divided into "Ghandhiites" and "Swarajists", Azad played an important role to bridge the gulf between the two factions.
In Hassan Abdal (District Attock), Sikandar got the chance of creating political awareness while becoming President in that 'Small Town Committee' and demonstrated devotion, commitment and vigilance; he greatly improved the conditions of the town.18 Sikandar Hayat Khan, being in the front ranks of Zamindar Party, enjoyed the confidence of all the groups in the council; he was a bridge among various communities; the Hindus, the Sikhs, the Muslims, the Swarajists and the official members.19