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An area cleared for temporary cultivation by cutting and burning the vegetation.

[Dialectal alteration of obsolete swithen, from Old Norse svidhna, to be burned.]


a. an area of land where slash-and-burn techniques have been used to prepare it for cultivation
b. (as modifier): small-scale swidden agriculture.
[C18: Northern English dialect variant of swithen to burn]


(ˈswɪd n)

a plot of land cleared for farming by burning away vegetation.
[1951; earlier E dial. swidden burned area of moor < Old Norse svithna to be singed]
References in periodicals archive ?
The features that made swiddening anathema to states were exactly what made it attractive to state-evading peoples.
It is still sparsely populated, with the majority of its people involved in swiddening, and with approximately 80% of the land falling under the different Indonesian government definitions of forest, varying between production forest and conservation forest (MOF 2009, Shantiko et al.
As Walker shows, conflicts over resources also occurred between and within tribal societies, between swiddening groups and between swidden cultivators and hunter-gatherers.
But we go a step further: we argue that a particular form of swiddening developed in parallel with the plantation system--it did not precede the plantation in any straightforward manner.
Subsistence hunting and swiddening played important subsidiary roles.
In this usage "Sakai" was employed to distinguish the swiddening Orang Asli populations from their hunter-gathering "Semang" neighbours, but authors differed in the qualities they attached to these terras.
My point was that low-key swiddening in Samoa was, at least until very recently, capable of providing the sort of surplus needed for major ceremonies, particularly the installation of high chiefs, and that there was no reason to suppose that there had been any change from a system introduced by the initial settlers.
Here, however, a problem arises: contrary to his apparent assumption, it is not clear that most states prior to our era (that is, prior to the past century or so) desired either to end hill swiddening or to appropriate hill labor.
Farming with fire and water; the human ecology of a composite Swiddening community in Vietnam's northern mountains.
This technique was congruent with overall goals set for the SMHDP of not only ending opium cultivation and swiddening, but also integrating uplanders into the Thai nation, helping them to gain citizenship and land rights, developing health, education and communications, and improving literacy and ability to speak Thai.
In mountain areas, in Western Hunan, swiddening was still found before 1950, but there were wet rice terraces along river banks and in the valleys irrigated by means of water wheels.
The effect of swiddening on forest architecture can be much the same as rotational burning by hunter-foragers.