And this is the case for two reasons: first, for there to be symbolization at all, the symbol-creator must be outside what he is symbolizing; there must be some distance between the symbolizer
and the symbolized.
Literature is capable to set up a new reality that adds to the existing one, a realm that has meaning for man only, and for which the symbolic image, or the symbolizer
, is 'the best possible expression' one cannot name more clearly otherwise, and which represents the necessary complement of the image; "the symbol cannot be replaced by a closer or similar image, nor can it be better transcribed by an equivalent signifier and, in no case can it be taken for a simple linguistic sign that draws its reality on itself and finds its meaning in the formal disposition of the text where it sets itself up." (Burgos 1988: 105)
Stated differently, he was more immediately concerned with the current state of consciousness, deformed by scientism and behaviorism, and with ways to develop a new anthropology based on man's uniqueness as a symbolizer
that would break through the solipsism and closure of present-day culture.
* The two groups showed similarities on such leadership attributes as visionary, symbolizer
, auditor and self-sacrifice.
During the next two levels of symbolic play, "complete dissociation of symbolizer
from symbolized" is accomplished (Piaget, 1951, p.
In The Angry Marriage you will learn how to reclaim the love in your relationship by discovering: how to identify which of the six angry "lovestyles" best describes you--venter, provoker, displacer, enactor, symbolizer
, or suppresser; how to decode complaints so that you can unearth the real but hidden sources of your and your spouse's anger; how to confront and conquer the invisible, angry marriage that is locked inside your relationship; how to replace even the greatest anger with compassion and goodwill using a new language of love.
Symbol embodies or expresses the person or thing so strongly that it renders the other reality present, it "allows the other to be there." This is what Rahner calls a symbolic reality (Realsymbol).(8) Moreover, it is the symbolizer
, not the recipient, who determines whether or not this is a symbolic reality.
In describing what is essentially a mode of mythical thought, Kristeva says of the symbol that it does not 'resemble' the object it symbolises and that the concepts being symbolized (what Kristeva terms the "universals") are irreducible to the "markings" which are the symbolizer
. (18) This is clearly so in the case of the Ukrainian-Canadian text where the symbolizer
(to continue with Kristeva's terminology) is, say, the image of a pair of boots or a folk song, but what is being symbolized is, in fact, the entire Ukrainian culture.