synaptic vesicle


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synaptic vesicle

n.
Any of several small, intracellular, membrane-bound vesicles at a synaptic junction of neurons that contain a neurotransmitter.
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.
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Dobson, "Structural ensembles of membrane-bound [alpha]-synuclein reveal the molecular determinants of synaptic vesicle affinity," Scientific Reports, vol.
N-cadherin plays an important role presynaptically by regulating synaptic vesicle recruitment and recycling, and postsynaptically in spine remodeling and trafficking of AMPA-Rs, which is important for hippocampal LTP [97].
Project: "Control of synaptic vesicle traffic by the action cytoskeleton."
In addition, in the medial prefrontal cortices of chronic unpredictable mild stress-induced depressive mice, there was a downregulation of mRNAs encoding proteins for the GABAergic synapses, dopaminergic synapses, synaptic vesicle cycle, and neuronal growth and an upregulation of miRNAs of regulating these mRNAs [70].
In contrast, groups 2 and 3 members are mostly presynaptic receptors that are localized in positions where they inhibit synaptic vesicle release through Gi/o proteins.
Synaptic vesicle classes in Torpedo and skate electric organ and muscle.
Until now, researches of endophilin2 focus largely on the regulation of synaptic vesicle endocytosis.
In addition, altered presynaptic function and decreased levels of the synaptic vesicle exocytosis proteins synaptotagmin and synaptobrevin were observed [12, 15].
Immunolabeling was also assessed using the anti-synaptophysin I antibody C7.2, which recognizes a site in the cytoplasmic tail of the synaptic vesicle protein (Jahn et al., 1985).
Therefore, we examined the synaptic vesicle protein (VAMP2), syntaxin 1A, and SNAP-25 genetic variants that are related to synaptogenesis and neuroplasticity in patients with MS.
This result was associated with the dwindling density of the synaptic vesicle found in the diabetic rats.