Charlton compares accounts of what it is to say something he finds in Plato, Frege, and Grice, and he distinguishes linguistic from practical meaning and words that signify things from "syncategorematic
" or "grammatical" words.
say[ing] that there are infinitely many objects of a certain kind ('infinitely' being taken in the syncategorematic
sense) simply means that given any finite number of these objects there will be some larger number of them." (51)
phrase to the model form: "[p]ursuant to Article
Yrjonsuuri reads Ockham's theory of connotative terms in the light of his account of syncategorematic
language and hence understands his mental language as a universal grammar (akin to Chomsky's), which (unlike Chomsky's) is acquired (non-innate) and represents a mind-independently structured word.
words are brought into play it becomes natural to take the propositio rather than the component words as the basic unit of meaning."
I take it, though, that any theory of meaning employed will apply to both classes of expression (syncategorematic
This is so because the phrase v UZASNYX MUCENIJAX must semantically bear on the SemA X of 'die', whose expression must be the syntactic subject of the clause: v UZASNYX MUCENIJAX is syncategorematic
. A third case is presented in Ivan napilsja do certikov, lit.
This is a source of error for many" and "such a production of abstract nouns from adverbs, conjunctions, prepositions, verbs, and syncategorematic
terms creates many difficulties and leads many into errors." (135) Ockham ascribes these errors to the distance which separates modern readers from the original context in which these terms were used and understood: ancient writers and their audience were well aware that terms such as instant, point, motion, and change should not be taken literally ("de virtute sermonis"), but readers in later periods no longer realized this.
"Politics" indirectly resembles what in the medieval scholastic tradition was called a syncategorematic
If it does not, then its role is completely syncategorematic
, that is, it is then a contextually defined "incomplete symbol" having no content itself yet affecting the content of the larger expressions of which it is a part (the supplemented word and the supplemented sentence in which it occurs)--like a right parenthesis or a crucially placed comma.
Primitive (absolute) terms are acquired first in experience and semantically complex (connotative) terms are formed by combining primitive categorematic terms with syncategorematic
terms according to the same recursive procedures which explain how mental sentences or thoughts are constructed.
You now operates as a sort of syncategorematic
term or discourse particle, whose chief function is to establish cohesion amongst the various narrative units uttered, lived, and interpreted in closed-circuit diegesis by the fictional protagonist herself.