synovial joint


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synovial joint

A freely movable joint with a cavity lined by synovial membrane and lubricated by synovial fluid.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.synovial joint - a joint so articulated as to move freelysynovial joint - a joint so articulated as to move freely
articulatio temporomandibularis, mandibular joint, temporomandibular joint - the joint between the head of the lower jawbone and the temporal bone
articulatio plana, gliding joint - a freely moving joint in which the articulations allow only gliding motions
ginglymoid joint, ginglymus, hinge joint - a freely moving joint in which the bones are so articulated as to allow extensive movement in one plane
knuckle, knuckle joint, metacarpophalangeal joint - a joint of a finger when the fist is closed
articulatio, joint, articulation - (anatomy) the point of connection between two bones or elements of a skeleton (especially if it allows motion)
articulatio spheroidea, ball-and-socket joint, cotyloid joint, enarthrodial joint, enarthrosis, spheroid joint - a freely moving joint in which a sphere on the head of one bone fits into a rounded cavity in the other bone
articulatio trochoidea, pivot joint, rotary joint, rotatory joint - a freely moving joint in which movement is limited to rotation; "the articulation of the radius and ulna in the arm is a pivot joint"
References in periodicals archive ?
The temporomandibular joint (TMJ) is a synovial joint that connects the mandible to the skull.
The fluid content in the solid matrix of articular cartilage is mainly water, and it helps the synovial joint to markedly reduce the friction and wear between cartilage counterparts.
The movement of the synovial joint forces the synovial fluid in and out of the articular cartilage to deliver nutrients and dispose of waste products for cartilage [11].
Janka, "Pigmented villonodular synovitis: a rare differential diagnosis of synovial joint swelling," Zeitschrift fur Rheumatologie, vol.
Recently, SF has been studied because it is in contact with all the tissues in the synovial joint, allowing a perfect analysis of the whole joint (48).
introduced the 'cavitometre', which was the first in vitro synovial joint model that was developed specifically to study joint cracking.
(1) RA is characterized by the inflammation of synovial joint tissues and the formation of rheumatoid pannus, which is capable of destroying adjacent cartilage and bone and causing subsequent joint deformity.
When a synovial joint is moved, the fluid is squeezed out to mechanically distribute a layer of fluid on the surface of the cartilage, which helps ease discomfort.
The polymerization chain reaction was used for the detection of genital mycoplasma and chlamydia in peripheral blood, synovial fluid and synovial joint of the patient [7-9].
The temporomandibular joint (TMJ) is a specialized synovial joint essential for the function of the mammalian jaw.
The knee can be described as a synovial joint, meaning synovial fluid lines and fills the joint space to increase its ability to move freely, and is made up of three bony structures; the femur, the tibia and the fibular.