synovium


Also found in: Thesaurus, Medical, Encyclopedia, Wikipedia.

synovium

A membrane that lines a joint or surrounds a tendon and releases fluid allowing for joint movement.
Dictionary of Unfamiliar Words by Diagram Group Copyright © 2008 by Diagram Visual Information Limited
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.synovium - a thin membrane in synovial (freely moving) joints that lines the joint capsule and secretes synovial fluidsynovium - a thin membrane in synovial (freely moving) joints that lines the joint capsule and secretes synovial fluid
tissue layer, membrane - a pliable sheet of tissue that covers or lines or connects the organs or cells of animals or plants
Based on WordNet 3.0, Farlex clipart collection. © 2003-2012 Princeton University, Farlex Inc.
Translations

sy·no·vi·um

n. membrana sinovial.
English-Spanish Medical Dictionary © Farlex 2012
References in periodicals archive ?
In some forms of Arthritis, for some unknown reasons the defence system of the body attacks the joints (synovium), activating them to thicken.
According to the company, TURALIO (pexidartinib) is an oral small molecule that inhibits CSF1R (colony stimulating factor-1 receptor), which is a primary growth driver of abnormal cells in the synovium that cause TGCT.
TGCT is a rare tumor that affects the synovium (thin layer of tissue that covers the surfaces of the joint spaces) and tendon sheaths (layer of membrane that covers tendons, which are fibrous tissue that connect muscle to bone).
Its main target is the synovium: a layer of soft tissue that lines and lubricates joints.
Significant improvement in VAS, SF-36, WOMAC score, hyperemia, and thickness of suprapatellar recess synovium from baseline was seen up to 6 months after intra-articular HA injection.
During the abovementioned rheumatic diseases, many processes occur in the synovium. Already in the early phase of RA, hyperplasia of the synovial lining occurs and immune cells infiltrate the sublining (Timmer et al., 2007; Hitchon and El-Gabalawy, 2011).
The chronic inflammatory disorder is caused when the immune system attacks the synovium - the lining of the membranes that surround the joints.
Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a chronic inflammatory disease involving mainly the synovium of the joints, although other tissue/organ involvement has been recognized [1, 2].
Hereafter, the Hoffa fat pad with the synovium was partially resected, and full-thickness cartilage lesions were prepared in the central medial femoral condyle using a drill with a 3.5 mm diameter and a stop at 2 mm depth.
Attenuated synovium was present on the outer surface of some of the nodules.
FLS is much more abundant than MLS and constitutes a central cellular component in the synovium [7].