syntactic category


Also found in: Thesaurus, Wikipedia.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.syntactic category - (grammar) a category of words having the same grammatical properties
grammar - the branch of linguistics that deals with syntax and morphology (and sometimes also deals with semantics)
grammatical case, case - nouns or pronouns or adjectives (often marked by inflection) related in some way to other words in a sentence
form class, part of speech, word class - one of the traditional categories of words intended to reflect their functions in a grammatical context
number - the grammatical category for the forms of nouns and pronouns and verbs that are used depending on the number of entities involved (singular or dual or plural); "in English the subject and the verb must agree in number"
person - a grammatical category used in the classification of pronouns, possessive determiners, and verb forms according to whether they indicate the speaker, the addressee, or a third party; "stop talking about yourself in the third person"
gender, grammatical gender - a grammatical category in inflected languages governing the agreement between nouns and pronouns and adjectives; in some languages it is quite arbitrary but in Indo-European languages it is usually based on sex or animateness
tense - a grammatical category of verbs used to express distinctions of time
participant role, semantic role - (linguistics) the underlying relation that a constituent has with the main verb in a clause
category, class, family - a collection of things sharing a common attribute; "there are two classes of detergents"
References in periodicals archive ?
In ten Hacken (2003), it is argued that the inputs to the formation process in (31) are Morphological Phrases, a combination of two words that does not have a syntactic distribution because it lacks a syntactic category.
The proposed research project pursues this broadly defined question, but focuses specifically on different kinds of noun class markers and in particular how animacy based noun class markers differ from gender-based ones in their interpretive function and syntactic category.
The confusion is due to the fact that the abovementioned materials do not differentiate between the concept of a syntactic category (i.
with or without categorial relativism, adjectives and adverbs as one or as two categories) is not a central issue and the domain of the paper presented above as categorial space could be replaced by change of word-class or change of syntactic category between two (sub-)classes.
In addition, by two years of age they can exploit function words to infer the syntactic category of unknown content words (nouns vs verbs) and guess their plausible meaning (object vs action).
The leading dominants in this light are the linguistic elements such as the phonological structure, the syntactic category, the morphological structure, and the presence of semantically related words as Carroll has pointed out.
In fact, the syntactic category of the base is irrelevant in present-day English.
a"), so in these cases the syntactic category of the word is made explicit.
I incline toward the view that it is the syntactic category of the complement of the verb that determines which relation it contributes.
Even simple realizations like the ones in (7) allow us to speak of a lexical and syntactic category hierarchy.
This information must specify [both] the syntactic category of the word and the categories of the phrases that it can take as complements.
We also examined the interlopers to see whether they belonged to the same syntactic category as the target.