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Of or relating to the relationship between linguistic units in a construction or sequence, as between the (n) and adjacent sounds in not, ant, and ton. The identity of a linguistic unit within a language is described by a combination of its syntagmatic and its paradigmatic relations.

[French syntagmatique, from Greek suntagmatikos, arranged, put in order, from suntagma, suntagmat-, arrangement, syntactic unit; see syntagma.]
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.


1. (Linguistics) of or denoting a syntagma
2. (Linguistics) linguistics Also: syntagmic denoting or concerning the relationship between a word and other members of a syntactic unit containing it
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014


(ˌsɪn tægˈmæt ɪk)

pertaining to or being a relationship among linguistic elements that occur sequentially, as the relationship between the sun and is shining or the and sun in The sun is shining. Compare paradigmatic (def. 2).
[1935–40; < French syntagmatique (1916); see syntagma, -ic]
syn`tag•mat′i•cal•ly, adv.
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Adj.1.syntagmatic - related as members of a syntagma; "syntagmatic word associations"
paradigmatic - related as members of a substitution class; "paradigmatic word associations"
Based on WordNet 3.0, Farlex clipart collection. © 2003-2012 Princeton University, Farlex Inc.


[ˌsɪntægˈmætɪk] ADJsintagmático
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References in periodicals archive ?
The words of a song are organized by at least two kinds of syntagmatic structure, verbal syntax, and intonational syntax (tune).
The dichotomy between these two notions is discussed in Fernandez-Dominguez (2015: 220), who demonstrates the inter-relation between availability and profitability of a word-formation rule and the ability of developing paradigmatic and syntagmatic relations in the language respectively.
Instead, the sustained critical patience of this book and critic creates something akin to a syntagmatic chain that stitches together filiations that arise from reading with and against other writers.
The speaker's irony in this sentences has unmistakably an effect of what Roman Jakobson identified as the poetic function, which is the projection of the principle of equivalence from the axis of selection (the paradigmatic relation between burning the village and burning the food) to the axis of combination (the syntagmatic relation that effects the ironic identity of the syntagmatic anf paradigmatic (Jakobson)--in short, the conflation of two historical facts into a single literary utterance of irony.
That was structuralism, and we revelled in paradigmatic and syntagmatic relationships as we attempted to interpret everything from poems to political parties.
At places he creates an oddly new syntagmatic structure of the Punjabi language.
For Iser, negativity constitutes the ontological basis of all literature as it--incommensurably so--can be looked upon as a form as well as a texture of that community of authors, texts, and readers in that it effects blanks and further negations which, in turn, give rise to new readings, new communication along syntagmatic, plural, and temporal, as well as paradigmatic, singular, and generic axes of the text (1993, 225).
"'Above and Beneath Classification' Bartleby, Life and Times of Michael K, and Syntagmatic Participation." diacritics 37.2-3 (2007): 157-70.
However, tone features may be perceived in terms of relative pitch (syntagmatic relationships).
Nine papers from a May 2015 conference in Trier, Germany represent the breadth of current research on both paradigmatic and syntagmatic dimensions of corpus linguistics.
(2.) In courses on general linguistics he taught between 1906 and 1911, Saussure explained that while other words in the sentence restrict the meaning of signifiers on the syntagmatic plane, on the associative plane meaning depends on the individual's experiences, which speaker and listener cannot be expected to share, and on the other words from which the given word will be differentiated, which cannot be expected to be identical for speaker and listener.
(12) This opposition, according to Jameson's early book on structuralism, "designates a kind of global opposition between the synchronic mode (superposition, coexistence, the paradigmatic) and the diachronic (succession, the syntagmatic)." (13) The paradoxical feel of Tharsalio's narrative stems from the tension between these two opposing aspects, and the text uses such tension to manage ideological contradictions between a supposedly fixed social order and ambitious individuals.