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Related to synthetase: Glutamine synthetase


 (sĭn′thĭ-tās′, -tāz′)
Any of a group of enzymes that catalyze the synthesis of a compound. Also called synthase.

American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.


(Biochemistry) biochem an enzyme that can catalyse the union of two large molecules. Also called: ligase
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014


(ˈsɪn θəˌteɪs, -ˌteɪz)

1. ligase.
2. Also called tRNA synthetase. a ligase that assists in translating the genetic code into protein by linking a transfer RNA with a specific amino acid.
[1947; synthet (ic) + -ase]
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
aTyr's research and development efforts are concentrated on a newly discovered area of biology, the extracellular functionality of tRNA synthetases. aTyr has built a global intellectual property estate directed to a potential pipeline of protein compositions derived from 20 tRNA synthetase genes.
BT-11 is a first-in-class, oral, gut-restricted small molecule therapeutic with a unique mechanism of action that targets a novel pathway called Lanthionine Synthetase C-Like 2 (LANCL2).
"We continue to execute our clinical development plan for our lead therapeutic candidate, ATYR1923, while also entering into meaningful collaborations with both academic institutions and global drug development partners that leverage our novel tRNA synthetase biology," said Sanjay Shukla, president and CEO of aTyr.
Anti-KS: identification of autoantibodies to asparaginyl-transfer RNA synthetase associated with interstitial lung disease.
The anticodon is relatively distant from the synthetase binding site, but scientists since the early 1990s have speculated that tRNAs were once much smaller, combining the anticodon and synthetase binding regions in one.
Topics include reconstruction of glutamine synthetase using computer averaging, a cryo-electron microscopic study of ribosome-bound termination factor RF2, the process of mRNA-tRNA translocation, and the structural basis for gating and activation of RyR1.
Glutathione synthetase deficiency (GSSD) is a rare inborn error of glutathione metabolism with an autosomal recessive inheritance, which is caused by mutations in the GSS gene (OMIM 601002) (1).
This antibody was classified as myositis-specific autoantibody and its corresponding antigen was reported to be a 50-kDa histidine transfer ribonucleic acid (tRNA) synthetase, a type of cytoplasmic aminoacyl-tRNA synthetase (ARS).
Further, metastasis was found greatly limited by reducing asparagine synthetase, treatment with the chemotherapy drug L-asparaginase, or dietary restriction.
, the team discovered that the appearance of asparagine synthetase -- the enzyme cells used to make asparagine -- in a primary tumour was strongly associated with later cancer spread.
Anti-aminoacyl-tRNA synthetase syndromes (ARS) comprise a subset of patients with idiopathic inflammatory myopathy (IIM), predominantly, polymyositis (PM) and dermatomyositis (DM), and overlap myositis syndromes.
Mutations and polymorphisms in the human argininosuccinate synthetase (ASS1) gene.