taboo(redirected from tabus)
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ta·booalso ta·bu (tă′bo͞o′, tə-)
n. pl. ta·boos also ta·bus
1. A ban or inhibition resulting from social custom or emotional aversion.
a. A prohibition, especially in Polynesia and other South Pacific islands, excluding something from use, approach, or mention because of its sacred and inviolable nature.
b. An object, word, or act protected by such a prohibition.
Excluded or forbidden from use, approach, or mention: a taboo subject.
tr.v. ta·booed, ta·boo·ing, ta·boos also ta·bued or ta·bu·ing or ta·bus
To exclude from use, approach, or mention; place under taboo.
[Tongan tabu, under prohibition, from Proto-Polynesian *tapu.]
Word History: The word taboo first appears in English in the journals of Captain James Cook, the British explorer who led three expeditions to the Pacific Ocean and greatly broadened European knowledge about the peoples living on the Pacific islands. In 1777, Cook wrote that the word "taboo ... has a very comprehensive meaning; but, in general, signifies that a thing is forbidden.... When any thing is forbidden to be eat, or made use of, they say, that it is taboo." Cook was in Tonga at the time, and so it is the Tongan form tabu that is the source of the English word taboo. However, words related to Tongan tabu are found in other Polynesian languages, such as Maori tapu and Hawaiian kapu. (In the history of Hawaiian, the original Polynesian t-sound has regularly changed to a k-sound.) Other words Cook brought back from his journeys include tattoo (also of Polynesian origin) and kangaroo (from Guugu Yimidhirr, a language of Australia).
1. (Sociology) forbidden or disapproved of; placed under a social prohibition or ban: taboo words.
2. (Anthropology & Ethnology) (in Polynesia and other islands of the South Pacific) marked off as simultaneously sacred and forbidden
n, pl -boos or -bus
3. (Sociology) any prohibition resulting from social or other conventions
4. (Anthropology & Ethnology) ritual restriction or prohibition, esp of something that is considered holy or unclean
(tr) to place under a taboo
[C18: from Tongan tapu]
adj., n., pl. -boos, adj.
1. proscribed by society as improper or unacceptable: taboo words.
2. set apart as sacred; forbidden for general use; placed under a prohibition or bar.n.
3. a prohibition or interdiction of something; exclusion from use or practice.
4. the system or practice of setting things apart as sacred or forbidden for general use.
5. exclusion from social relations; ostracism.v.t.
6. to put under a taboo; prohibit or forbid.
7. to ostracize.
[1770–80; < Tongan tapu or Fijian tabu]
Past participle: tabooed
1. A word of Polynesian/Melanesian origin which is used in anthropology to refer to an action, object, or space which society regards as forbidden. For example, in many societies, incest is taboo.
2. A prohibition that a society places on a particular form of behavior.
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|Noun||1.||taboo - a prejudice (especially in Polynesia and other South Pacific islands) that prohibits the use or mention of something because of its sacred nature|
bias, prejudice, preconception - a partiality that prevents objective consideration of an issue or situation
Polynesia - the islands in the eastern part of Oceania
|2.||taboo - an inhibition or ban resulting from social custom or emotional aversion|
inhibition - the quality of being inhibited
|Verb||1.||taboo - declare as sacred and forbidden|
restrict - place under restrictions; limit access to; "This substance is controlled"
|Adj.||1.||taboo - excluded from use or mention; "forbidden fruit"; "in our house dancing and playing cards were out"; "a taboo subject"|
impermissible - not permitted; "impermissible behavior"
|2.||taboo - forbidden to profane use especially in South Pacific islands|
sacred - concerned with religion or religious purposes; "sacred texts"; "sacred rites"; "sacred music"
cấm kỵđiều cấm kỵ
taboo[təˈbuː] adj & n → tabù (m) inv
tabu(təˈbuː) – plurals taˈboos ~taˈbus – noun, adjective
(something) forbidden for religious reasons or because it is against social custom. Alcohol is (a) taboo in Muslim societies. taboe مُحَرَّم табу tabu tabu das Tabu, tabu tabu ταμπούtabú tabu تابو؛ حرام tabu tabouאיסור वर्जित कर्म tabu tabu haram, tabu bannaður, forboðinn tabù タブー 금기, 금기의 tabu tabu dilarang taboetabutabu, rzecz zakazana ناروا، منع شوى ، رټل شوى ايستل شوى ( لكه دټولنى څخه )،تحريم، تكفير tabu tabu табу; запрещенныи tabu tabu tabu tabu ข้อห้าม; ซึ่งต้องห้าม tabu, yasak 禁忌 табу; заборона حرام، ممنوع điều cấm kỵ 禁忌
taboo→ مُحَرَّم tabu, tabuizovaný tabu, tabubelagt tabu ταμπού tabú tabu, tabu- tabou tabu tabù タブー, タブーとなっている 금기, 금지된 taboe tabu zakaz, zakazany tabu запретный, табу tabu, tabuförklarad ข้อห้าม, ซึ่งต้องห้าม tabu cấm kỵ, điều cấm kỵ 禁忌, 禁忌的
n. tabú, prohibición;