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Related to tarantism: tarantella, Tarantino


A disorder characterized by an uncontrollable urge to dance, especially prevalent in southern Italy from the 15th to the 17th century and popularly attributed to the bite of a tarantula.

[New Latin tarantismus, after Taranto.]
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.


(Pathology) a nervous disorder marked by uncontrollable bodily movement, widespread in S Italy during the 15th to 17th centuries: popularly thought to be caused by the bite of a tarantula
[C17: from New Latin tarantismus, from Taranto; see tarantula]
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014


(ˈtær ənˌtɪz əm)

a mania characterized by an uncontrollable impulse to dance, prevalent esp. in S Italy, from the 15th to the 17th century. Compare tarantula (def. 2).
[1630–40; < New Latin tarantismus. See Taranto, -ism]
tar′ant•ist, n.
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.


a variety of dancing mania, popularly thought to be caused by the bite of a tarantula and to be cured by dancing.
See also: Disease and Illness
-Ologies & -Isms. Copyright 2008 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.tarantism - a nervous disorder characterized by an uncontrollable impulse to dance; popularly attributed to bite of the southern European tarantula or wolf spider
chorea - any of several degenerative nervous disorders characterized by spasmodic movements of the body and limbs
Based on WordNet 3.0, Farlex clipart collection. © 2003-2012 Princeton University, Farlex Inc.
References in periodicals archive ?
Departing the terraces through a door-sized hole knocked in the wall, you're drawn to the 2007 installation "Tarantism," whose aesthetic reiterates that of "Dead Roads."
Back in the day when medical knowledge was limited, this wild thrashing, called tarantism, was thought to be a way to cure spider bites.
Land of Remorse: A Study of Southern Italian Tarantism (London: Free
Verardi D (2013) The occult in the naturai magic of Giovan Battista Della Porta and the phenomena of tarantism. In: Genesin M e Rizzo L (a cura di) Magie, Tarantismus und Vampirismus: Eine interdisziplindre Anndherung.
The dissertation" De Anatome, Morsu & Effectibus Tarantulae (Of the Anatomy, the Bite, and the Effects of the Tarantula (1696) by the Apulian doctor Giorgio Baglivi, is and the most reliable source on the tarantism and the attempt to explain the musical cure by physical reasons, namely, transpiration [20-22].
An interesting occurrence during this time was the curious phenomenon of 'dancing mania', or tarantism, which swept Europe following the plague in 1374.
Koester explores the labile borderline between consciousness and its various possible modifications--through trance in Tarantism, 2007, for instance, or through psychoactive drugs in The Hashish Club, 2009--and between reason and what escapes its control.
The Land of Remorse: A Study of Southern Italian Tarantism. London: Free Association Books, 2005.