dystonia

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Related to tardive dystonia: tardive dyskinesia

dys·to·ni·a

 (dĭs-tō′nē-ə)
n.
Abnormal tonicity of muscle, characterized by prolonged, repetitive muscle contractions that may cause twisting or jerking movements of the body or a body part.

dys·ton′ic (-tŏn′ĭk) adj.

dystonia

(dɪsˈtəʊnɪə)
n
(Pathology) a neurological disorder, caused by disease of the basal ganglia, in which the muscles of the trunk, shoulders, and neck go into spasm, so that the head and limbs are held in unnatural positions
[from dys- + -tonia from Greek tonos tension, from teinen to stretch]

dys•to•ni•a

(dɪsˈtoʊ ni ə)

n.
a neurological disorder marked by strong involuntary muscle spasms that cause painful and disabling twisting of the body.
[1955–60]
dys•ton•ic (-ˈtɒn ɪk) adj.
Translations
dystonie

dys·to·ni·a

n. distonía, tonicidad alterada, esp. muscular.
References in periodicals archive ?
Drug-induced dystonia is divided into acute dystonia and tardive dystonia. Acute dystonia occurs after a one-time exposure to the drug.
Up to 80 Mu injected at 9 months (mean dosage 72.8 Mu) Hennings et al (37) Patient, age 28, with (2008; case report) tardive dystonia caused by flupentixol (20 mg IM every 2 weeks) and biperiden (regimen unknown) for 1 year.
Duloxetine-related tardive dystonia and tardive dyskinesia: a case report.
Long-term benefit sustained after bilateral pallidal deep brain stimulation in patients with refractory tardive dystonia. Stereotact Funct Neurosurg 2010; 88: 304-10.
Globus pallidus internus stimulation resulted in significant improvement in BFM outcome scores for patients with DYT1 negative or positive dystonia, PKAN, idiophatic dystonia, tardive dystonia, posttraumatic dystonias, and cerebral palsy.
A differential diagnosis of facial myokymia, facial motor seizures, myoclonus, muscular spasms, and tardive dystonia was considered.
Although parkinsonism [3, 4], tardive dyskinesia [4], tardive dystonia [5, 6], hemifacial dystonia [7], and oculogyric crisis [8] have been reported to be caused by clebopride, acute cervical dystonia has not been observed in adults treated with this drug.
The case report by Sun and Wang [7] present a case of severe, intractable tardive dystonia in a 22-year-old male with schizophrenia that was initially triggered by treatment with olanzapine.
At the end of the second millennium, DBS was used in an attempt to treat treatment-resistant obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) in a small series of patients [8], and later on, the indication areas in psychiatry spread to treatment-resistant depression [9-11], Gilles de la Tourette syndrome [12], antipsychotic-induced tardive dystonia and dyskinesia [13-15], addiction [16] and Alzheimer's dementia [17,18].
NBI-98854 may be useful in disorders such as Huntington's chorea, schizophrenia, Tourette's syndrome, and tardive dystonia.
The impact ranges from unpleasant in mild cases of tardive dyskinesia to "hugely life altering" in people who develop tardive dystonia on the older drugs.