dystonia

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Related to tardive dystonia: tardive dyskinesia

dys·to·ni·a

 (dĭs-tō′nē-ə)
n.
Abnormal tonicity of muscle, characterized by prolonged, repetitive muscle contractions that may cause twisting or jerking movements of the body or a body part.

dys·ton′ic (-tŏn′ĭk) adj.
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.

dystonia

(dɪsˈtəʊnɪə)
n
(Pathology) a neurological disorder, caused by disease of the basal ganglia, in which the muscles of the trunk, shoulders, and neck go into spasm, so that the head and limbs are held in unnatural positions
[from dys- + -tonia from Greek tonos tension, from teinen to stretch]
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014

dys•to•ni•a

(dɪsˈtoʊ ni ə)

n.
a neurological disorder marked by strong involuntary muscle spasms that cause painful and disabling twisting of the body.
[1955–60]
dys•ton•ic (-ˈtɒn ɪk) adj.
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.
Translations
dystonie

dys·to·ni·a

n. distonía, tonicidad alterada, esp. muscular.
English-Spanish Medical Dictionary © Farlex 2012
References in periodicals archive ?
Drug-induced dystonia is divided into acute dystonia and tardive dystonia. Acute dystonia occurs after a one-time exposure to the drug.
Up to 80 Mu injected at 9 months (mean dosage 72.8 Mu) Hennings et al (37) Patient, age 28, with (2008; case report) tardive dystonia caused by flupentixol (20 mg IM every 2 weeks) and biperiden (regimen unknown) for 1 year.
Duloxetine-related tardive dystonia and tardive dyskinesia: a case report.
Long-term benefit sustained after bilateral pallidal deep brain stimulation in patients with refractory tardive dystonia. Stereotact Funct Neurosurg 2010; 88: 304-10.
A differential diagnosis of facial myokymia, facial motor seizures, myoclonus, muscular spasms, and tardive dystonia was considered.
Although parkinsonism [3, 4], tardive dyskinesia [4], tardive dystonia [5, 6], hemifacial dystonia [7], and oculogyric crisis [8] have been reported to be caused by clebopride, acute cervical dystonia has not been observed in adults treated with this drug.
The case report by Sun and Wang [7] present a case of severe, intractable tardive dystonia in a 22-year-old male with schizophrenia that was initially triggered by treatment with olanzapine.
At the end of the second millennium, DBS was used in an attempt to treat treatment-resistant obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) in a small series of patients [8], and later on, the indication areas in psychiatry spread to treatment-resistant depression [9-11], Gilles de la Tourette syndrome [12], antipsychotic-induced tardive dystonia and dyskinesia [13-15], addiction [16] and Alzheimer's dementia [17,18].
NBI-98854 may be useful in disorders such as Huntington's chorea, schizophrenia, Tourette's syndrome, and tardive dystonia.
The impact ranges from unpleasant in mild cases of tardive dyskinesia to "hugely life altering" in people who develop tardive dystonia on the older drugs.