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tau·rine 1

Of, relating to, or resembling a bull.

[Latin taurīnus, from taurus, bull; see tauro- in Indo-European roots.]

tau·rine 2

An amino acid, C2H7NO3S, not found in proteins, that is synthesized in the liver from cysteine, is found in bile and other body fluids and tissues, and has a variety of physiological functions.

[Greek tauros, bull (from its having been obtained first from ox bile); see tauro- in Indo-European roots + -ine.]
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.


(Zoology) of, relating to, or resembling a bull
[C17: from Latin taurīnus, from taurus a bull]


(ˈtɔːriːn; -rɪn)
(Elements & Compounds) a derivative of the amino acid, cysteine, obtained from the bile of animals; 2-aminoethanesulphonic acid. Formula: NH2CH2CH2SO3H
[C19: from tauro- (as in taurocholic acid, so called because discovered in ox bile) + -ine2]
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014


(ˈtɔr aɪn, -ɪn)

1. of or resembling a bull.
2. pertaining to the zodiacal sign Taurus.
[1605–15; < Latin taurīnus, derivative of taur(us) a bull]


(ˈtɔr in, -ɪn)

a neutral crystalline substance, C2H7NO3S, obtained from bile.
[1835–45; <Latin taur(us) or Greek taûr(os) bull + -ine2; the substance was orig. obtained from ox bile]
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.taurine - a colorless crystalline substance obtained from the bile of mammalstaurine - a colorless crystalline substance obtained from the bile of mammals
chemical compound, compound - (chemistry) a substance formed by chemical union of two or more elements or ingredients in definite proportion by weight
Adj.1.taurine - of or relating to or resembling a bull
Based on WordNet 3.0, Farlex clipart collection. © 2003-2012 Princeton University, Farlex Inc.


n taurina
English-Spanish/Spanish-English Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2006 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Unfortunately, this report will likely add to the abundant misinformation floating around the dog world already, such as taurine deficiency.
For cats, there are 11 essential amino acids: arginine, methionine, histidine, phenylalanine, isoleucine, threonine, leucine, tryptophan, lysine, valine, and taurine.
The effect that energy drinks have on your&nbsp;cardiovascular&nbsp;system could be because of how the caffeine in energy drinks interact with other common ingredients such as taurine. Most energy drinks also contain guarana, a plant from the Amazon, that already contains caffeine thus increasing the drink's total caffeine amount.
A low-cost supplement called taurine has been shown to enhance this youth-restoring process.
A suspected link to DCM is taurine, a type of amino acid and a building block of proteins.
Two Lohani and 5 Nari Master cattle showed nucleotide changes specific to taurine cattle.
Some of the reasons why it is consumed are to counteract sleepiness, increase energy, maintain alertness while studying and driving, also to reduce symptoms of hangover.[1] A 350 mL bottle of Cobra energy drink contains 134 mg caffeine, 1.36 mg Vitamin B1, 7 mg Vitamin B3, 1.35 mg Vitamin B6, 0.70 mg Vitamin B12, 153 mg taurine, and 17.5 mg of ginseng.
The most common ingredients of EDs are caffeine, taurine, various vitamins, glucose, and herbal extracts (4).
Taurine, also known as 2-aminoethanesulfonic acid, is a naturally occurring beta-amino acid (which has a sulphonic acid group instead of carboxylic acid, differentiating it from other amino acids) yielded by methionine and cysteine metabolism in the liver.
Kim and Lee from Kookmin University in Seoul, Korea, published in the Journal of Exercise Rehabilitation, the authors reviewed existing studies that evaluated nutritional interventions for DOMS; (1) in particular, the authors of the review focused on the evidence surrounding caffeine, omega-3 fatty acids, taurine, and polyphenols.
The aim of this study is to investigate the effects of taurine, a non-structural semi-essential amino acid with known antioxidant properties, on the bone healing process.