taurine


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tau·rine 1

 (tôr′īn′)
adj.
Of, relating to, or resembling a bull.

[Latin taurīnus, from taurus, bull; see tauro- in Indo-European roots.]

tau·rine 2

 (tôr′ēn′)
n.
An amino acid, C2H7NO3S, not found in proteins, that is synthesized in the liver from cysteine, is found in bile and other body fluids and tissues, and has a variety of physiological functions.

[Greek tauros, bull (from its having been obtained first from ox bile); see tauro- in Indo-European roots + -ine.]

taurine

(ˈtɔːraɪn)
adj
(Zoology) of, relating to, or resembling a bull
[C17: from Latin taurīnus, from taurus a bull]

taurine

(ˈtɔːriːn; -rɪn)
n
(Elements & Compounds) a derivative of the amino acid, cysteine, obtained from the bile of animals; 2-aminoethanesulphonic acid. Formula: NH2CH2CH2SO3H
[C19: from tauro- (as in taurocholic acid, so called because discovered in ox bile) + -ine2]

tau•rine1

(ˈtɔr aɪn, -ɪn)

adj.
1. of or resembling a bull.
2. pertaining to the zodiacal sign Taurus.
[1605–15; < Latin taurīnus, derivative of taur(us) a bull]

tau•rine2

(ˈtɔr in, -ɪn)

n.
a neutral crystalline substance, C2H7NO3S, obtained from bile.
[1835–45; <Latin taur(us) or Greek taûr(os) bull + -ine2; the substance was orig. obtained from ox bile]
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.taurine - a colorless crystalline substance obtained from the bile of mammalstaurine - a colorless crystalline substance obtained from the bile of mammals
chemical compound, compound - (chemistry) a substance formed by chemical union of two or more elements or ingredients in definite proportion by weight
Adj.1.taurine - of or relating to or resembling a bull
Translations

taurine

n taurina
References in periodicals archive ?
Taurine has significant favorable impact on the malformed and toxic proteins that accumulate in the aging brain, leading to Alzheimer's and Parkinson's diseases.
However, DCM is much less common now because pet food manufacturers add extra taurine to their cat foods.
In particular, two neurotransmitters, taurine and glycine (Figure 4E,F), were more significantly downregulated in male than female mice, which is consistent with sex-specific modulation of metagenome and key genes involved in the synthesis and regulation of neurotransmitters, as illustrated in Figure 3.
The journal Hypertension Research reported finding an increase in endothelial progenitor cells and a decrease in free radicals in association with supplementation with taurine and magnesium.
Taurine is an organic compound used in energy drinks and food that can cause many forms of hypersensitivity reactions, and one of these is erythema exsudativum multiforme.
The pooled semen samples were diluted at with tris-citric acid,fructose, egg yolk and glycerol extender either containing different level of taurine (20.
Now a study by Durham Uni and Action on Sugar says more research is needed on how high levels of sugar and caffeine interact with each other and other stimulants like taurine and guarana.
Dubai: Dubai Municipality (DM) on Monday said that rumours spreading online regarding the energy drink Red Bull and the apparent effect of the amino acid taurine on fertility are false and void of any truth.
RIGA, Latvia, Sha'ban 25, 1437, June 01, 2016, SPA -- Latvia has banned the sale of energy drinks containing caffeine or stimulants like taurine and guarana to people under the age of 18, according to AP.
Red Bull, Venom, Burn and Adrenaline Rush) that contain large doses of caffeine and other legal stimulants such as taurine, carbohydrates, glucuronolactone, inositol, niacin, panthenol, and B-complex vitamins.
Sports science researchers from Montana State University reported the results of a study comparing two energy shots, one containing a caffeine, taurine and niacin combination (5-hour Energy) and a second containing caffeine, protein and carbohydrate combination (Body Glove SURGE).
They may or may not be carbonated but contain effective ingredients like caffeine, guarana, taurine, ginseng, sugar, B vitamins.