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," Computer Aided Surgery, vol.
Extended videoscopic robotic thymectomy with the da vinci telemanipulator
for the treatment of myasthenia gravis: The Vienna experience.
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It is in effect a computer-refined telemanipulator
with hyper-flexible end-effectors and a high definition three-dimensional imaging system accessed at an ergonomic console.
Baur, "Novel interfaces for remote driving: gesture, haptic and PDA," in Mobile Robots XV and Telemanipulator
and Telepresence Technology VII, vol.
Kishino, "Augmented reality: a class of displays on the reality-virtuality continuum," in Telemanipulator
and Telepresence Technologies, vol.
MIT-MANUS: A workstation for manual therapy and training II, International society of optical engineering (SPIE) Telemanipulator
technology Boston, Massachusetts.
A surgical robot (telemanipulator
) is a computer assisted, pre-programmed dependent device, which is controlled by the surgeon (Figure 1).