The first is to stress his remark that "to do injustice happens to be bad and disgraceful for the wrongdoer in every respect," showing how the alleged duty in question is itself a product of a teleological argument
, whether explicit or tacit.
Examining the ultimate ends of the universe by natural design is classic Thomas Aquinas, whose "Argument from Design" or "Teleological Argument
" held that natural processes could be explained by their directive principles.
"In Darwin's own words, his goal in developing and establishing his theory was like committing a murder." What he wanted to destroy was the most common basis for believing in God--the argument from design, sometimes called the cosmological or teleological argument
. He spoke about "converting" others to his view, and spoke of obtaining "confessions of faith." This seemed to be the purpose of his vast correspondence--an exchange of more than 14,000 letters with some 1,800 correspondents.
This section examines how the major themes that emerge in the pro-life symposium take the form of teleological argument
According to Craig, Plato's cosmological argument is very brief in comparison with his teleological argument
for the existence of God.
THE WATCHMAKER ANALOGY MADE famous by William Paley the analogy is a teleological argument
- an argument for the existence of God or a creator based on perceived evidence of order, intelligence, purpose, design, or direction.
Much like Paul Bew's Ireland, The Politics of Enmity, 1789-2006 and Diarmid Ferriter's The Transformation of Ireland, Connolly's work is one of a series of new works that analyzes myriad people and events in their context free from the trappings of any teleological argument
. Lest one think that the two works are indeed dinosaurs, one need only read one or both of the books to realize that they are successful examples of the importance of this type of historical inquiry in the postmodern age.
A teleological argument
involves a strong sense of predetermination from a First Cause or a final outcome." Kronenberg justifiably chides historians who use such arguments to portray the Holocaust as an inevitable outcome of anti-Semitism.
Nor is this an attempt to reinvent the old teleological argument
in a manner reminiscent of the anthropic principle; the human race now stands too close to the apocalyptic closure of time to use yet again the manifest delicate balance, which has created conditions necessary for life, as an argument only to be refuted by those who see nothing behind this balance but blind chance.
The plausibility of this teleological argument
is suggested by the pioneering experiments undertaken in the pre-antibiotic era to better understand the spread of bacterial pneumonia.
Somewhat less successful is Rae's strictly teleological argument
that the poet-novelists learned their particular brand of disjointed narrative from the disjunctive and paratactical nature of poetry; it's not that the argument that Rae makes is wrong but that it seems overly simplistic.