Compared to the reference device, the number of measurements greater than 0.5[degrees]C difference were two non-disposable electronic oral (2.9%) and 15 axillary (21.4%) measurements, 12 disposable oral and 26 axillary (31.1%), and 30 temporal artery
thermometer measurements (42.9%) (see Table 2).
A newer method gaining wider acceptance is temporal artery
Cluster headache: ultrastructural evidence for mast cell degranulation and interaction with nerve fibers in the human temporal artery
. Cephalalgia 1990; 10: 221-28.
Hemangioma or cavernoma often cause confusion in diagnosis especially in early stages, which unlike AVM are well-demarcated and do not have arteriovenous shunts.11 AVMs show flow void signs on MRI due to the rapid flow in the lesions.8 The diagnosis of AVM in the present case was made by contrast enhanced CT and MRI brain and the feeding vessels viz., superficial temporal artery
, internal maxillary and middle meningeal arteries were demonstrated by MRI neck angiography.
Bebawy et al.'s (10) recommendation (an alternative method involving the introduction of the needle 1 cm superior to the level of the tragus and posterior to the superficial temporal artery
and decreasing the volume of the local anaesthetic agent to 3 ml) can prevent the facial nerve palsy after the scalp block.
The most commonly targeted feeder is the middle meningeal artery followed by the occipital artery and superficial temporal artery
. (5) Consideration for preoperative embolization is recommended for hyper-vascular tumors >3-4 cm with at least 50% of blood supply from accessible branches of the external carotid artery, in eloquent locations and with extensive calcifications.
Gandhi, "An anatomic mathematical measurement to find an adequate recipient M4 branch for superficial temporal artery
to middle cerebral artery bypass surgery," Operative Neurosurgery, vol.
The auriculotemporal nerve is seen posterior to the superficial temporal artery
. The needle is introduced in the posterior-to-anterior direction using the in-plane approach to target the short axis of the auriculotemporal nerve (Figures 6(b)-6(d)).
Tominaga, "Symptomatic hyperperfusion after superficial temporal artery
Middle cerebral artery anastomosis in a child with moyamoya disease," Child's Nervous System, vol.
Lynn et al., "The effect of temporal artery
biopsy on the treatment of temporal arteritis," Am J Surg, vol.
The ramus parietalis-ramus frontalis division of the superficial temporal artery
was defined, a 2 cm skin incision was performed and advanced until the temporal fascia dissecting the subcutaneous tissues.
To further clarify the diagnosis, a temporal artery
biopsy was performed, and the results confirmed the GCA diagnosis (Figure 1).