temporal lobe


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temporal lobe

n.
The lower lateral lobe of either cerebral hemisphere, located in front of the occipital lobe and containing the sensory center of hearing in the brain.
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.

temporal lobe

n
(Anatomy) the laterally protruding portion of each cerebral hemisphere, situated below the parietal lobe and associated with sound perception and interpretation: it is thought to be the centre for memory recall
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014

tem′poral lobe`


n.
the lateral lobe of each cerebral hemisphere, in front of the occipital lobe.
[1890–95]
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.

tem·po·ral lobe

(tĕm′pər-əl)
The portion of each cerebral hemisphere lying to the side and rear of the frontal lobe, containing the main speech and language centers of the brain.
The American Heritage® Student Science Dictionary, Second Edition. Copyright © 2014 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.temporal lobe - that part of the cerebral cortex in either hemisphere of the brain lying inside the temples of the head
cerebral cortex, cerebral mantle, cortex, pallium - the layer of unmyelinated neurons (the grey matter) forming the cortex of the cerebrum
temporal gyrus - any of the convolutions of the outer surface of the temporal lobe of the cerebrum
lobe - (anatomy) a somewhat rounded subdivision of a bodily organ or part; "ear lobe"
amygdala, amygdaloid nucleus, corpus amygdaloideum - an almond-shaped neural structure in the anterior part of the temporal lobe of the cerebrum; intimately connected with the hypothalamus and the hippocampus and the cingulate gyrus; as part of the limbic system it plays an important role in motivation and emotional behavior
Based on WordNet 3.0, Farlex clipart collection. © 2003-2012 Princeton University, Farlex Inc.
Translations
spánkový lalok
ohimolohkotemporaalilohko
References in periodicals archive ?
Results of M2 measures (distance between lateral sulcus and temporal lobe inferior lobe) evidenced that in right hemisphere the medium number was 46,86 mm and in left hemisphere 44,28 mm (5,95% higher in right hemisphere) (Fig.
Findings from diffusion tensor imaging (a way-cool display of disrupted water flow in the brain that has to be seen to be appreciated) showed that the brains of both a small group of adolescents who had smoked marijuana daily for a year and a group of schizophrenic teens showed the same structural abnormalities in the fiber pathway that connects Broca's area in the left frontal lobe with Wernicke's area in the left temporal lobe. This area of the brain continues its development throughout adolescence and is a language/auditory pathway.
In each of these patients, doctors had removed a portion of either the right or left temporal lobe, depending on where the individual's seizures occurred.
Lockfeld told her he had good news: Images of her brain showed she had scar tissue on her temporal lobe, just above the ear, and if she had it removed, it might lessen the number and severity of her seizures.
Jackson found that people with this type of seizure -- what is sometimes termed the Joan of Arc type of seizure -- have abnormalities in the temporal lobe (usually the right temporal lobe because lesions in the left temporal lobe are often accompanied by memory loss, so the nature of the seizure cannot be recalled).
Often the hemisphere of seizure onset can be defined by surface electrode EEG; however, surface EEG has been shown to have a 20% incidence of falsely lateralizing the hemisphere with temporal lobe pathology.[6] Temporal lobe epilepsy is the most common cause of complex partial seizures and has been shown to be the source of seizure activity in approximately 30% of all patients with epilepsy.[7]
The temporal lobe is the center for hearing and memory.
The Los Angeles Times reported that, "researchers at the UC-San Diego brain and perception laboratory determined that the parts of the brain's temporal lobe - which the scientists quickly dubbed the 'God module' - may affect how intensely a person responds to religious beliefs." The story suggested that there were now at least partial scientific answers to all three of our questions concerning religious experience.
Medial temporal lobe [pH.sub.i] and IQ were compared in 33 men and women undergoing evaluation for epilepsy surgery.
Autopsy revealed the brain to be diffusely swollen with evidence of cerebrovascular congestion and features of temporal lobe herniation.
Compared with the normal elderlies, ReHo values decreased in aMCI patients in the left temporal lobe (middle temporal gyrus and inferior temporal gyrus), left parahippocampal gyrus, occipital lobe, lingual gyrus, precuneus, and other regions (P<0.05; Figure 3, Table 1), while ReHo values increased in the right side frontal lobe (inferior frontal gyrus), left superior temporal gyrus, precentral gyrus (frontal lobe), right thalamus, the left fusiform gyrus, and other regions (P<0.05; Figure 4, Table 2).
The variation, called aACAysomatic mosaicism,aACAO could explain why neurons in the temporal lobe are the first to die in Alzheimer's, for example, and why dopaminergic neurons are the first to die in Parkinson's.

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