The following structures were examined: Biceps tendon, subscapularis, supraspinatus (including test for impingement), infraspinatus, teres minor
, posterior glenoid labrum and glenohumeral space, coracoacromial ligament and finally the acromioclavicular joint.
Her plan of management included spinal manipulation and mobilization of the cervicothoracic spine, shoulder mobilizations, and myofascial release to treat the biceps tendon, infraspinatus, teres minor
, rhomboid major, levator scapulae, trapezius, and pectoralis major on the right.
The rotator cuff is composed of the supraspinatus, infraspinatus, teres minor
, and subscapularis muscles (29).
Specifically, the cable and eyelet configurations simulate the three heads of the deltoid (middle, posterior, anterior), the supraspinatus, the subscapularis, the pectoralis major, the infraspinatus, and teres minor
The following muscles may be found to be lengthened and taut/tight: rhomboids, middle and lower trapezius, serratus anterior, longus colli and capitis, infraspinatus and teres minor
, and thoracic paraspinals (erector spinae and transversospinalis).
Initial non-enhanced MRI of the left shoulder demonstrated abnormal osseous edema in the lateral humeral head and neck, and abnormal soft tissue edema in the teres minor
muscle, including its myotendinous junction and humeral insertion (Figures 1 and 2).
The PHCA curves around the surgical neck of humerus to supply the shoulder joint, the deltoid (musculus deltoideus), the teres major, the teres minor
and the long and lateral head of triceps.
The rotator cuff is a group of four muscle tendons: the supraspinatus, infraspinatus, teres minor
, and subscapularis.
The teres minor
muscle, which performs external rotation, is tested by the French horn test of external rotation.
The stability and function of the shoulder joint rely in part on the four muscles that make up the rotator cuff: the supraspinatus, infraspinatus, teres minor
and subscapularis (see Figure 1).
Important softtissue structures include the capsule, subacromial bursa and rotator cuff muscles - supraspinatus, infraspinatus, teres minor
The path lies between the infraspinatus muscle and the teres minor
muscle, with the point of entry 2 cm inferior and 1 cm medial to the posterior angle of the acromion.