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Any of various unsaturated hydrocarbons, C10H16, found in essential oils and oleoresins of plants such as conifers and used in organic syntheses.

[Obsolete terp(entine), variant of turpentine + -ene.]

ter·pe′nic adj.
ter′pe·noid′ adj. & n.


(Elements & Compounds) any one of a class of unsaturated hydrocarbons, such as the carotenes, that are found in the essential oils of many plants. Their molecules contain isoprene units and have the general formula (C5H8)n
[C19: terp- from obsolete terpentine turpentine + -ene]
terˈpenic adj


(ˈtɜr pin)

1. any of a class of monocyclic hydrocarbons of the formula C10H16, obtained from plants.
2. any of the oxygenated derivatives of this class.
[1870–75; terp(entine), earlier sp. of turpentine + -ene]
ter•pe′nic, adj.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.terpene - an unsaturated hydrocarbon obtained from plants
hydrocarbon - an organic compound containing only carbon and hydrogen
limonene - a liquid terpene with a lemon odor; found in lemons and oranges and other essential oils
References in periodicals archive ?
Jrg Bohlmann, a world recognized leader in terpene profiling.
Pinene is a naturally derived organic compound known as a terpene, and the paper industry generates a bunch of it as a waste product.
Patent 9,187,581 (November 17, 2015), "Methods for Producing Telechelic Polyolefins from Terpene Initiators," Casey D.
01) when compared to control and to control with addition of the substrate trypanothione; however, the terpene DCTN was more effective.
Once again, the offset for terpene emissions due to storage must be considered here.
The present research deals with the GC-MS identification of volatile terpenes emitted from guava leaves and the chemotaxis of adult citrus psyllids to three commercially available volatile terpene compounds detected from the guava leaves by method of olfactory bioassay.
According to the company, the DigiPath Labs will screen medicinal cannabis for potentially harmful contaminants, test cannabis for its quality, potency and cannabinoid and terpene profiles, which determine the suitability of specific cannabis strains for the treatment of specific ailments.
13]C-NMR characterization was performed on the terpene mixture, detecting the presence of sesquiterpenes.
tritici were not reduced on any sample date in the terpene treatment in pepper in 2010 and 2011 or in tomato in 2008 and 2010.
Orange peel oil is a cheap and wide spread terpene source and could be used in bioconversion processes, either as an inducing agent for biocatalyst production or as precursor for the reaction itself.
EGb 7612 is a dry extract from Ginkgo biloba leaves (drug-extract ratio 35-67:1) adjusted to 22-27% Ginkgo flavonoids and 5-7% terpene lactones consisting of 2.