terpene

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ter·pene

 (tûr′pēn′)
n.
Any of various unsaturated hydrocarbons, C10H16, found in essential oils and oleoresins of plants such as conifers and used in organic syntheses.

[Obsolete terp(entine), variant of turpentine + -ene.]

ter·pe′nic adj.
ter′pe·noid′ adj. & n.

terpene

(ˈtɜːpiːn)
n
(Elements & Compounds) any one of a class of unsaturated hydrocarbons, such as the carotenes, that are found in the essential oils of many plants. Their molecules contain isoprene units and have the general formula (C5H8)n
[C19: terp- from obsolete terpentine turpentine + -ene]
terˈpenic adj

ter•pene

(ˈtɜr pin)

n.
1. any of a class of monocyclic hydrocarbons of the formula C10H16, obtained from plants.
2. any of the oxygenated derivatives of this class.
[1870–75; terp(entine), earlier sp. of turpentine + -ene]
ter•pe′nic, adj.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.terpene - an unsaturated hydrocarbon obtained from plants
hydrocarbon - an organic compound containing only carbon and hydrogen
limonene - a liquid terpene with a lemon odor; found in lemons and oranges and other essential oils
References in periodicals archive ?
Antioxidant compounds presented in some essential oils, such as terpenic and phenolic, prevent or delay oxidation processes or even interrupt or delay reactions between peroxyl and hydroxyl radicals (MASTELIC et al.
grandis uses conspecific herbivore-induced volatiles enriched with the aggregation pheromone to locate host cotton plants and that terpenic compounds may be involved in their attractiveness (Magalhaes et al.
Shellac contains polyester unit consisting of aleuritic acid and terpenic acid parts (14).
altilis (DC): a source of valuable bioactive terpenic compounds.
Biotransformation of terpenic compounds by fungi I.
A new sulfur-containing spiroketal glycoside, breynin I, and a new terpenic glycoside, breyniaionoside E, together with 10 known compounds, were isolated from the aerial parts of B.
Isolation And Screening Of Microorganisms With Potential For Biotransformation Of Terpenic Substrates.
The tire rubber composition includes a rubber component; a plasticizer; and at least one of a resin and a plasticizer, the resin being at least one selected from the group consisting of aromatic petroleum resins, terpenic resins and rosin resins.