The angiogram showed negative findings in the thoracic aorta, pulmonary vessels, abdominal aorta, superior mesenteric artery, inferior mesenteric artery, internal iliac artery, external iliac artery, renal artery, and testicular artery
, as well as their main branches.
Spermatogenesis and spectral echo-colourdoppler traces from the main testicular artery
It also gave testicular artery
while crossing IVC and was crossed anteriorly by testicular vein (Fig.
The Fowler-Stephens orchidopexy was originally described as a single-stage, open inguinal approach for the high intra-abdominal testes in which the testicular artery
and veins are too short to allow the testes to reach the scrotum with a standard orchidopexy.
So if the testicular artery
is ligated the two arteries are sufficient to keep the testis alive.
An anatomical description of an uncommon variation of the left testicular artery
is presented in this case report, highlighting its clinical implications.
The spermatic cord begins at the deep inguinal ring and descends vertically into the scrotum; the spermatic cord contains the vas deferens, testicular artery
, cremasteric artery, deferential artery, pampiniform plexuses, genitofemoral nerve, and lymphatic vessels.
In the Ivanissevich approach, testicular artery
and lymphatics are spared and the testicular veins are ligated at the inguinal ring (Raheem, 2013).
A case of origin of the testicular artery
from the renal artery, and course of the testicular artery
behind the inferior vena cava.
The backflow leads to permanent damage to the testicular tissue due to the disruption of normal supply of oxygenated blood through the testicular artery
When removing the biopsy forceps from the body cavity, counter-pressure with the working channel was exerted on the testicle to avoid laceration of the testicular artery
or vein because of strong tractive forces on the testicle.
Some urologists use Doppler ultrasound to help them find the tiny testicular artery
found in the cord in order to spare it, although there is no evidence that sparing the testicular artery