tetany


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tet·a·ny

 (tĕt′n-ē)
n. pl. tet·a·nies
An abnormal condition characterized by periodic painful muscular spasms and tremors, caused by faulty calcium metabolism and associated with diminished function of the parathyroid glands.

[From tetanus.]
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.

tetany

(ˈtɛtənɪ)
n
(Pathology) pathol an abnormal increase in the excitability of nerves and muscles resulting in spasms of the arms and legs, caused by a deficiency of parathyroid secretion
[C19: from French tétanie. See tetanus]
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014

tet•a•ny

(ˈtɛt n i)

n.
a state marked by severe, intermittent tonic contractions and muscular pain, due to abnormal calcium metabolism.
[1880–85; < New Latin tetania. See tetanus, -y3]
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.

tetany

Muscle twitches, spasms, and convulsions resulting from a lack of calcium in the blood. It may be caused by a dysfunction in the parathyroid glands (hypoparathyroidism).
Dictionary of Unfamiliar Words by Diagram Group Copyright © 2008 by Diagram Visual Information Limited
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.tetany - clinical neurological syndrome characterized by muscular twitching and cramps and (when severe) seizurestetany - clinical neurological syndrome characterized by muscular twitching and cramps and (when severe) seizures; associated with calcium deficiency (hypoparathyroidism) or vitamin D deficiency or alkalosis
syndrome - a pattern of symptoms indicative of some disease
Based on WordNet 3.0, Farlex clipart collection. © 2003-2012 Princeton University, Farlex Inc.
Translations

tet·a·ny

n. tetania, afección neuromuscular que se manifiesta con espasmos intermitentes de los músculos voluntarios asociada con deficiencia paratiroidea y disminución del balance de calcio.
English-Spanish Medical Dictionary © Farlex 2012
References in periodicals archive ?
Hypocalcemia may lead to muscle cramps, tetany, seizures and dysrhythmias.
[1,2,3,4] Hypoparathyroidism leading to decreased serum calcium, clinically may present with muscle cramps, perioral and peripheral paraesthesia, carpopedal spasm or tetany, and/or confusion.
However, acute hypocalcaemia can present dramatically, with diaphoresis, psychiatric abnormalities, seizures, cardiac failure, bronchospasm or tetany. [1] The pathognomonic feature of acute hypocalcaemia is tetany (typified by a Trousseau's sign) and is usually preceded by paraesthesia (peri-oral and acral), increased neuromuscular irritability (Chvostek's sign) and muscle cramps.
Non-classical (extraintestinal) symptoms include iron deficiency anemia, tetany, dermatitis herpetiformis, epilepsy, migraine, depression, ataxia, peripheral polyneuropathy and muscular weakness [4].
In addition, some severe and potentially life-threatening complications such as laryngeal spasms, tetany and seizures may occur during the course of hypoparathyroidism.
One of which was to inject live parathyroid cells into a tetany patient whose parathyroid gland had been removed.
French radio station RMC Sport said the 78-year-old had a "crisis of tetany" (involuntary muscle cramps) as well as a fever, which resulted in him being kept in for observation.
This causes a spectrum of muscle activity ranging from bronchospasm, skeletal muscle fasciculations, tetany, and eventual complete fatigue and skeletal muscle paralysis, depending on the dose of nerve agent absorbed.
Hypomagnesia can cause tetany and seizures, as well as cardiac dysrhythmia.
Significant lowering of serum calcium can cause paresthesias, myalgias, muscle spasms, tetany, seizures, QT interval prolongation and ventricular arrhythmia.