Boyd had discovered that adding tetraethyl lead
to petroleum fuel raised its ignition temperature, allowing higher compression in gasoline engines, which dramatically increased performance.
Many industries, such as battery manufacturing, ammunition, tetraethyl lead
manufacturing, ceramic and glass industries printing, and the painting and dying industry, represent significant sources of lead release into the environment [4-6].
Sorry, the de facto house mother, complains of their persecution thusly: "Same baby who's sucking on a nipple full of phthalates, eating antibiotic chicken, breathing PCBs, playing in dirt made of tetraethyl lead
and drinking straight vodka while it rides a fucking skateboard--when that baby dies at age eighty-six instead of ninety, it's going to be because you lit a cigarette in a public park.
For example, subsequent to the EPA regulation requiring all newly built autos sold in the United States to be equipped with catalytic converters, the agency issued regulation banning the sale of leaded gasoline because, unfortunately, the tetraethyl lead
disabled the catalytic converter (Newell and Rogers 2003).
Cadmium is released as a by-product of zinc (and occasionally lead) refining; lead is emitted during its mining and smelting activities, from automobile exhausts (by combustion of petroleum fuels treated with tetraethyl lead
antiknock) and from old lead paints; mercury is emitted by the degassing of the earth's crust.
Finally, had Seager referenced Gerald Markowitz and David Rosner, or Nancy Langston, she might have seen DES, tetraethyl lead
and polyvinyl chloride as appropriate parallels to Carson's attack on DDT.
In the 1970s, gasoline combustion was an important source of air pollution by lead, as tetraethyl lead
was added to gasoline at concentrations of approximately 0.
Lead in the form of tetraethyl lead
acetate is used as anti-knocking agent in petrol.
The bribes were to secure contracts from the governments for the supply of Innospec products including Tetraethyl Lead
, also known as TEL, a highly dangerous compound created as an octane booster to be added to engine fuel.
But to achieve octanes of 100 and higher, refiners add a small dose of tetraethyl lead
to meet the requirements of ASTM fuel spec D-910.
Avgas contains tetraethyl lead
that can damage the catalytic converters and oxygen sensors of a car and is also extremely toxic.
3) Tetraethyl lead
(TEL) is added to avgas to increase octane and thereby prevent "knock," or uncontrolled fuel detonation, which can damage aircraft engines during flight, compromising safety.