tetrarch

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Related to tetrarchies: Tetrarchs

tet·rarch

 (tĕt′rärk′, tē′trärk′)
n.
1.
a. A subordinate ruler.
b. One of four joint rulers.
2. A governor of one of four divisions of a country or province, especially in the ancient Roman Empire.
3. The commander of a subdivision of a phalanx in ancient Greece.

[Middle English tetrarche, a Roman tetrarch, from Old French, from Late Latin tetrarcha, from Latin tetrarchēs, from Greek tetrarkhēs : tetra-, tetra- + -arkhēs, -arch.]

te·trar′chic (tĕ-trär′kĭk, tē-) adj.
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.

tetrarch

(ˈtɛtrɑːk)
n
1. (Government, Politics & Diplomacy) the ruler of one fourth of a country
2. (Historical Terms) a subordinate ruler, esp of Syria under the Roman Empire
3. (Historical Terms) the commander of one of the smaller subdivisions of a Macedonian phalanx
4. (Government, Politics & Diplomacy) any of four joint rulers
[C14: from Greek tetrarkhēs; see tetra-, -arch]
tetrarchate n
teˈtrarchic, teˈtrarchical adj
ˈtetrarchy n
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014

te•trarch

(ˈtɛ trɑrk, ˈti-)

n.
1. the ruler of a fourth part, division, etc., as of a country or province in the Roman Empire.
2. a subordinate ruler or minor king, esp. in W Asia under the Roman Empire.
3. one of four joint rulers or chiefs.
[1350–1400; Middle English tetrarcha, tetrarke < Late Latin tetrarcha, Latin tetrarchēs < Greek tetrárchēs. See tetra-, -arch]
te′trar•chy, te′trarch•ate` (-ˌkeɪt) n.
te•trar′chic, te•trar′chi•cal, adj.
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
And what about Josephus statements that the sons of Herod (other than the executed Antipater) came into their tetrarchies in 4-3 BC, implying, as this does, that Herod died in 4 BC after all?
Finally, we have the small matter of dealing with Josephus's seeming to state that the surviving sons of Herod assumed their tetrarchies in 4 BC after he died.
The customs tariff "had to be paid not merely at the ports but also at the boundaries of individual cities and tetrarchies" (Applebaum 1976, 686).