Usually found on Japanese shores, it contains tetrodotoxin
- the poison found in deadly puffer fish.
was initially focused on indication of opiate addiction withdrawal but is found to have an analgesic action as well.
This display serves as a warning to the predator that further attack will lead to ingestion of the potent neurotoxin, tetrodotoxin
, which is present in the skin of the eft (Brodie, 1968).
Alma Saavedra, regional BFAR information officer, said puffer fish contains tetrodotoxin
, a toxic substance that can kill humans if consumed.
On the other hand, cells can live, proliferate, and function happily in the presence of cyanide, anthrax or botulinum toxins, strychnine, tetrodotoxin
(TTX), methylmercury or E605 (parathion) and VX (a dual component chemical weapon), i.e., some of the deadliest poisons known.
They were then taken to The Royal Hospital on Saturday evening.' She informed that the toxin in puffer fish is tetrodotoxin
obscurus is popular in China and Southeast Asia, because of its umami taste, high nutritional value and do not contain tetrodotoxin
in the meat and liver.
Barish told Green Area that all types of puffer fish, including the Lagocephalus spadiceus, contain the deadly tetrodotoxin
Adults and probably chalimi of Caligus fugu (Yamaguti, 1936) infecting the toxic tetraodontid puffer are tolerant to its tetrodotoxin
(TTX), and are able to accumulate it in their bodies, except for the ovaries and eggs (Ikeda et al.
It is also a major source of tetrodotoxin
(a potential neurotoxin), predominantly in some Asian countries and recently in Europe, and its abundance in various fish species is widely increasing (29-31).
(19) He collected various powders provided by bokors and claimed that the principal compound causing the zombie state was tetrodotoxin
, a potent frequently fatal neurotoxin found in puffer fish.
So far 197 species of pufferfish have been recorded in marine, brackish, and fresh water habitations of the tropical to sub-tropical regions, says Santhanam, and they are believed to be the second most poisonous vertebrates (after the golden poison frog) largely due to the tetrodotoxin
and paralytic saxitoxin in their internal organs.