pessimism

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pes·si·mism

 (pĕs′ə-mĭz′əm)
n.
1. A tendency to stress the negative or unfavorable or to take the gloomiest possible view: "We have seen too much defeatism, too much pessimism, too much of a negative approach" (Margo Jones).
2. The doctrine or belief that this is the worst of all possible worlds and that all things ultimately tend toward evil.
3. The doctrine or belief that the evil in the world outweighs the good.

[French pessimisme (on the model of optimisme, optimism), from Latin pessimus, worst; see ped- in Indo-European roots.]

pes′si·mist n.
pes′si·mis′tic adj.
pes′si·mis′ti·cal·ly adv.
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.

pessimism

(ˈpɛsɪˌmɪzəm)
n
1. the tendency to expect the worst and see the worst in all things
2. (Philosophy) the doctrine of the ultimate triumph of evil over good
3. (Philosophy) the doctrine that this world is corrupt and that man's sojourn in it is a preparation for some other existence
[C18: from Latin pessimus worst, from malus bad]
ˈpessimist n
ˌpessiˈmistic, ˌpessiˈmistical adj
ˌpessiˈmistically adv
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014

pes•si•mism

(ˈpɛs əˌmɪz əm)

n.
1. the tendency to see only what is disadvantageous or gloomy or to anticipate the worst outcome.
2. the doctrine that the existing world is the worst of all possible worlds or that all things naturally tend toward evil.
3. the belief that the evil and pain in the world outweigh any goodness or happiness.
[1785–95; < Latin pessim(us), superlative of malus bad + -ism; modeled on optimism]
pes`si•mis′tic, adj.
pes`si•mis′ti•cal•ly, adv.
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.

pessimism

1. the doctrine that all things naturally tend to evil.
2. the doctrine that this is the worst of all possible worlds. Cf. Leibnizianism.
3. the doctrine that the evil and pain in the world outweigh goodness and happiness, and that the world is basically evil. Cf. meliorism, optimism.pessimist, n.pessimistic, adj.
See also: Philosophy
a depressed and melancholy viewpoint manifested as a disposition to hold the least hopeful opinion of conditions or behavior. See also philosophy. — pessimist, n.pessimistic, adj.
See also: Attitudes
-Ologies & -Isms. Copyright 2008 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.pessimism - the feeling that things will turn out badly
despair - the feeling that everything is wrong and nothing will turn out well; "they moaned in despair and dismay"; "one harsh word would send her into the depths of despair"
cynicism - a cynical feeling of distrust
optimism - the optimistic feeling that all is going to turn out well
2.pessimism - a general disposition to look on the dark side and to expect the worst in all things
disposition, temperament - your usual mood; "he has a happy disposition"
optimism - a general disposition to expect the best in all things
Based on WordNet 3.0, Farlex clipart collection. © 2003-2012 Princeton University, Farlex Inc.

pessimism

noun gloominess, depression, despair, gloom, cynicism, melancholy, hopelessness, despondency, dejection, glumness widespread pessimism about the country's political future
Collins Thesaurus of the English Language – Complete and Unabridged 2nd Edition. 2002 © HarperCollins Publishers 1995, 2002

pessimism

noun
HEADWORD. The doctrine that this world is evil:
The American Heritage® Roget's Thesaurus. Copyright © 2013, 2014 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.
Translations
تَشاؤُم
pesimismus
pessimisme
pesimizam
pesszimizmus
svartsÿni
pesimistaspesimistiškaipesimistiškaspesimizmas
pesimisms
pesimizmus
pesimizem
kötümserlik

pessimism

[ˈpesɪmɪzəm] Npesimismo m
Collins Spanish Dictionary - Complete and Unabridged 8th Edition 2005 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1971, 1988 © HarperCollins Publishers 1992, 1993, 1996, 1997, 2000, 2003, 2005

pessimism

[ˈpɛsɪmɪzəm] npessimisme m
Collins English/French Electronic Resource. © HarperCollins Publishers 2005

pessimism

Collins German Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged 7th Edition 2005. © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1980 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1997, 1999, 2004, 2005, 2007

pessimism

[ˈpɛsɪˌmɪzm] npessimismo
Collins Italian Dictionary 1st Edition © HarperCollins Publishers 1995

pessimism

(ˈpesimizəm) noun
the state of mind of a person who always expects bad things to happen.
ˈpessimist noun
a person who thinks in this way. He is such a pessimist that he always expects the worst.
ˌpessiˈmistic adjective
ˌpessiˈmistically adverb
Kernerman English Multilingual Dictionary © 2006-2013 K Dictionaries Ltd.

pes·si·mism

n. pesimismo, propensión a juzgar situaciones negativamente.
English-Spanish Medical Dictionary © Farlex 2012

pessimism

n pesimismo
English-Spanish/Spanish-English Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2006 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved.
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But we are dedicated to fighting inappropriate exclusion and inappropriate therapeutic pessimisms."

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