thiamine


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Related to thiamine: riboflavin, Thiamine deficiency

thi·a·mine

 (thī′ə-mĭn, -mēn′) also thi·a·min (-mĭn)
n.
A vitamin, C12H17ClN4OS, of the vitamin B complex, found in beans, whole grains, meat, and yeast, and necessary for carbohydrate metabolism and normal neural activity. Also called vitamin B1.

[Alteration of thiamin : thi(o)- + (vit)amin.]

thiamine

(ˈθaɪəˌmiːn; -mɪn) or

thiamin

n
(Biochemistry) biochem a soluble white crystalline vitamin that occurs in the outer coat of rice and other grains. It forms part of the vitamin B complex and is essential for carbohydrate metabolism: deficiency leads to nervous disorders and to the disease beriberi. Formula: C12H17ON4SCl.H2O. Also: vitamin B1 or aneurin
[C20: thio- + (vit)amin]

thi•a•mine

(ˈθaɪ ə mɪn, -ˌmin)

also thi•a•min

(-mɪn)

n.
a crystalline, water-soluble vitamin-B compound, C12H17ClN4OS, abundant in liver, legumes, and cereal grains.
Also called vitamin B1.
[1905–10]

thi·a·mine

(thī′ə-mĭn)
A vitamin belonging to the vitamin B complex (B1) that is important in carbohydrate metabolism and normal activity of the nervous system. It is found in bran, yeast, and meat.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.thiamine - a B vitamin that prevents beriberithiamine - a B vitamin that prevents beriberi; maintains appetite and growth
B complex, B vitamin, B-complex vitamin, vitamin B, vitamin B complex, B - originally thought to be a single vitamin but now separated into several B vitamins
Translations

thiamine

[ˈθaɪəmiːn] Ntiamina f

thiamine

nThiamin nt

thiamine

n tiamina
References in periodicals archive ?
Thiamine Reduces Mortality in Patients with Septic Shock
Terri-Ann's diet tips to boost your mood Thiamine (Vitamin B1) Found in flaxseeds, wholegrain bread, eggs and peas, thiamine is thought to play a role in mood regulation and could help prevent unwanted dips.
The treatments and home remedies for beriberi or beri beri include thiamine pills and shots, consumption of brown rice, legumes, rice bran, milk, whole grain brown bread, a generally healthy diet, avoiding fish, and drinking water after meals.
Thiamine, or vitamin B1, is an important water soluble vitamin in poultry nutrition due to its central role in the metabolism.
The cat food was recalled for possible low levels of thiamine (Vitamin B1).
Smucker Company announced a voluntary recall of specific lots of 9Lives Protein Plus wet, canned cat food due to possible low levels of thiamine. No illnesses related to this issue have been reported to date and the product is being recalled out of an abundance of caution.
Dietary thiamine is a water-soluble vitamin that is an important cofactor of three key enzymes (pyruvate dehydrogenase complex, alphaketoglutarate dehydrogenase complex, and transketolase) in glycolysis, the Krebs cycle, and the pentose-phosphate pathway.
WKS is a neuropsychiatric disorder in which patients experience profound short-term amnesia; it is precipitated by thiamine deficiency (defined as a whole blood thiamine level <0.7 ng/[ml.sup.1]).
Thiamine (vitamin [B.sub.1]) (TH) is a water-soluble vitamin and is used in the prevention and cure of the disease beriberi [1].
Recently, other authors speculated that thiamine could have an important role in relieving migraine [7].
MSUD is classified into classic, intermediate, intermittent, thiamine-responsive, and E3-deficient forms on the basis of age of onset of the disease, severity of clinical presentation, and response to thiamine (8).