thiamine


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Related to thiamine: riboflavin, Thiamine deficiency

thi·a·mine

 (thī′ə-mĭn, -mēn′) also thi·a·min (-mĭn)
n.
A vitamin, C12H17ClN4OS, of the vitamin B complex, found in beans, whole grains, meat, and yeast, and necessary for carbohydrate metabolism and normal neural activity. Also called vitamin B1.

[Alteration of thiamin : thi(o)- + (vit)amin.]
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.

thiamine

(ˈθaɪəˌmiːn; -mɪn) or

thiamin

n
(Biochemistry) biochem a soluble white crystalline vitamin that occurs in the outer coat of rice and other grains. It forms part of the vitamin B complex and is essential for carbohydrate metabolism: deficiency leads to nervous disorders and to the disease beriberi. Formula: C12H17ON4SCl.H2O. Also: vitamin B1 or aneurin
[C20: thio- + (vit)amin]
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014

thi•a•mine

(ˈθaɪ ə mɪn, -ˌmin)

also thi•a•min

(-mɪn)

n.
a crystalline, water-soluble vitamin-B compound, C12H17ClN4OS, abundant in liver, legumes, and cereal grains.
Also called vitamin B1.
[1905–10]
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.

thi·a·mine

(thī′ə-mĭn)
A vitamin belonging to the vitamin B complex (B1) that is important in carbohydrate metabolism and normal activity of the nervous system. It is found in bran, yeast, and meat.
The American Heritage® Student Science Dictionary, Second Edition. Copyright © 2014 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.thiamine - a B vitamin that prevents beriberithiamine - a B vitamin that prevents beriberi; maintains appetite and growth
B complex, B vitamin, B-complex vitamin, vitamin B, vitamin B complex, B - originally thought to be a single vitamin but now separated into several B vitamins
Based on WordNet 3.0, Farlex clipart collection. © 2003-2012 Princeton University, Farlex Inc.
Translations

thiamine

[ˈθaɪəmiːn] Ntiamina f
Collins Spanish Dictionary - Complete and Unabridged 8th Edition 2005 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1971, 1988 © HarperCollins Publishers 1992, 1993, 1996, 1997, 2000, 2003, 2005

thiamine

nThiamin nt
Collins German Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged 7th Edition 2005. © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1980 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1997, 1999, 2004, 2005, 2007

thiamine

n tiamina
English-Spanish/Spanish-English Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2006 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Thiamine Reduces Mortality in Patients with Septic Shock
Terri-Ann's diet tips to boost your mood Thiamine (Vitamin B1) Found in flaxseeds, wholegrain bread, eggs and peas, thiamine is thought to play a role in mood regulation and could help prevent unwanted dips.
The treatments and home remedies for beriberi or beri beri include thiamine pills and shots, consumption of brown rice, legumes, rice bran, milk, whole grain brown bread, a generally healthy diet, avoiding fish, and drinking water after meals.
Thiamine, or vitamin B1, is an important water soluble vitamin in poultry nutrition due to its central role in the metabolism.
The cat food was recalled for possible low levels of thiamine (Vitamin B1).
Smucker Company announced a voluntary recall of specific lots of 9Lives Protein Plus wet, canned cat food due to possible low levels of thiamine. No illnesses related to this issue have been reported to date and the product is being recalled out of an abundance of caution.
Dietary thiamine is a water-soluble vitamin that is an important cofactor of three key enzymes (pyruvate dehydrogenase complex, alphaketoglutarate dehydrogenase complex, and transketolase) in glycolysis, the Krebs cycle, and the pentose-phosphate pathway.
WKS is a neuropsychiatric disorder in which patients experience profound short-term amnesia; it is precipitated by thiamine deficiency (defined as a whole blood thiamine level <0.7 ng/[ml.sup.1]).
Thiamine (vitamin [B.sub.1]) (TH) is a water-soluble vitamin and is used in the prevention and cure of the disease beriberi [1].
Recently, other authors speculated that thiamine could have an important role in relieving migraine [7].
MSUD is classified into classic, intermediate, intermittent, thiamine-responsive, and E3-deficient forms on the basis of age of onset of the disease, severity of clinical presentation, and response to thiamine (8).