thin film


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thin film

n.
A thin, engineered layer of material deposited on a substrate with a thickness typically measured in nanometers, used in electronic and optical applications.
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.
References in classic literature ?
A thin film of ice bordered the flat, reed-grown lake.
But that was because a thin film of ice had frozen upon the gallery.
To manufacture the Sn[O.sub.2] thin film by radio frequency (RF) sputtering, the Sn target is installed in the chamber, and power is supplied to the chamber to make plasma, so that the Sn+ ions are dropped onto the metal Si substrate in the chamber and simultaneously, the high-purity oxygen (99.99%) is injected to deposit the Sn[O.sub.2] thin film.
Preparation of Thin Film. Glass cover slips (24 mm x 24 mm x 0.1 mm, Menzel-Glaser, Germany) were cleaned using acetone to remove dirt and impurities on the surface of the glass slide before any coating process.
Hong Kong-based Hanergy Thin Film Power Group (00566.HK) has signed a strategic cooperation agreement with Beijing Electric Vehicle.
Also, the sound pressure is inversely related to heat capacity of the thin film. The model was modified by Xiao [1] by including the rate of heat loss per unit area of the thin film and the instantaneous heat exchange per unit area between the thin film and its surrounding air due to thermal conduction.
Usually, these devices use a CdS thin film as buffer layer in their structure; this layer improves mechanical heterojunction between absorbent layer and TCO; however CdS depicts environmental hazards during manufacture of the layers; besides, this material has a small forbidden energy band gap ([E.sub.g] = 2.4 eV); this low-energy band gap reduces photocurrent at wavelengths near the ultraviolet region, and this incomplete absorption of the visible spectrum for CdS buffer layers is considered to be responsible for the drop in quantum efficiency of chalcopyrite-based solar cells [4-6].
Keywords: Thin film, Biphenyl (E7), Polarizing Optical Technique, Beer-Lambert's Law.
With Hanergy Thin Film owner Li Hejun having invested around $3 billion over nine years into the Jinanqiao Hydropower Station, the project was widely regarded as the cash cow financing the activity of controversial Hong Kong-listed thin film manufacturer Hanergy.
The "Thin Film Coating Market Report: Trends, Forecast and Competitive Analysis" report has been added to ResearchAndMarkets.com's offering.
Hanergy Thin Film Power Group (00566.HK), a thin-film solar power solution company, has launched its Roodehaan solar park in Groningen, Netherlands.