Comparison Of The Effects Of Etomidate, Propofol, And Thiopental
On Respiratory Resistance After Tracheal Intubation.
The protocol Chapman developed called for the (http://www.sup.org/books/title/?id=23979) use of three drugs : The first, sodium thiopental
, would anesthetize inmates and put them to sleep before the lethal drugs were administered.
A case is presented in which propofol caused a 63.1% reduction in mean seizure duration compared with preceding and subsequent treatments with thiopental
The three drugs named Minoxidil, Monte Lucas and Thiopental
Sodium are used to treat blood pressure (hypertension), chronic asthma and post-anesthesia convulsion, respectively.
States have been scrambling in recent years to come up with a new formula for executions after their stockpiles expired or ran out when European manufacturers of such previously used drugs as pentobarbital and sodium thiopental
stopped selling them for use in executions.
An Oklahoma coroner suggested the three-drug protocol: sodium thiopental
, to put the inmate to sleep; pancuronium bromide, to induce paralysis; and potassium chloride, to quickly stop the heart and cause death.
After at least 3-5 minutes of preoxygenation in a 10-15[degrees] tilted position, anesthesia was induced by 4-5 mg/kg Sodium Thiopental
and 1.5-2 mg/ kg Suxamethonium.
Until recently, the 33 states with the death penalty used a virtually identical three-drug process: Sodium thiopental
was administered to put the inmate to sleep, then two other drugs stopped the heart and lungs.
Anaesthesia was induced with Thiopental
sodium intravenously and intubated.
To put a convicted killer to death, Oregon now employs a "three-drug protocol" - sodium thiopental
, pancuronium bromide, potassium chloride - that causes heart failure.
THE EUROPEAN Union, the Drug Enforcement Administration, and American prison officials are locked in an unusual battle over sodium thiopental
, a drug used for lethal injections in most state executions.
Meanwhile, in March, federal drug agents seized Georgia's supply of sodium thiopental
used in lethal injections.