Considering first the cranial then the thoracolumbar
spine, they discuss such aspects as complications of subaxial lateral mass screw fixation, ectopic ossification following anterior cervical discectomy and fusion or disc replacement, interspinous process fusion plate complications, complications of anterior lumbar interbody fusion with polyether ether ketone spacers, and removing and revising broken thoracolumbar
spine was exposed through a posterior midline incision, and the posterior elements were exposed through a subperiosteal approach.
Short-segment posterior instrumentation combined with calcium sulfate cement vertebroplasty for thoracolumbar
compression fractures: Radiographic outcomes including nonunion and other complications.
It includes the use in the thoracic spine and at the thoracolumbar
junction for treatment of disc degeneration disease or degenerative spondylolisthesis at one or two adjacent levels.
scoliosis is a common type of adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS), which is a three-dimensional deformity of the spine.
The number of vertebrae is relatively conserved in most mammalian species , whereas the variation in thoracic, lumbar and thoracolumbar
(the summation of thoracic and lumbar vertebrae) numbers has been observed in a number of mammalian species, such as pig , sheep , and human .
6%) showed thoracolumbar
scoliosis, 5 patients (26.
2] reported the low injury potential for the head, neck and torso in Indy Car racing while a high injury risk for the thoracolumbar
spine is indicated [3, 4, 7].
They most commonly occur in the sacrum, but they also can be seen in the skull base, cervical spine, and thoracolumbar
The outcome of the treatment of unstable thoracolumbar
spine injuries is often uncertain and depends on many factors, mainly on final neurological status of the patient, pain severity, degree of correction of traumatic spine deformity and complications.
The patient also had mild spinal scoliosis, significant thoracolumbar
kyphosis, and pectus excavatum deformity.
Thoracic dermatome were the commonest dermatome involved in 40% patients followed by trigeminal nerve in 36%, lumbar dermatomes in 16%, cervical dermatomes in 8% andcervicothoracic and thoracolumbar
dermatomes in 4% patients each.