The sterile fiber of the Ho-YAG laser was connected to the outside of the thoracoscopic aspirator using sterile drapes, having the tip 3 mm ahead on an average; this combined unit was introduced into the pleural space through the channel of the thoracoscope
(Figure 1a) before a pleural abrasion was initiated.
Minimally invasive mitral valve surgery under thoracoscope
was initiated with a 6-cm incision at the right anterolateral 4th intercostal space, followed by establishing femoral artery and vein bypass and filling surgery field with carbon dioxide.
The patient underwent exploration under thoracoscope
, and the intraoperative rapid pathology showed suspicious adenocarcinoma, the patient received the resection of the upper lobe of the right lung.
Non-intubated combined with video-assisted thoracoscope
in carinal reconstruction.
A now widely available alternative to the conventional rigid thoracoscope
is the semirigid fiber-optic video pleuroscope [5, 6], which has good sensitivity (91%) and specificity (100%) in the diagnosis of exudative pleural effusions (EPEs) and good positive and negative likelihood ratios (4.92 and 0.08, resp.) .
Taking all together a combination of clinical, radiological and pleural fluid parameters can help predict malignancy in a large percentage of patients, thus avoiding the invasive investigations of pleural biopsy- either percutaneously or through thoracoscope
. We made a humble attempt to detect the usefulness of some of these variables in our study.
It has been demonstrated that this method of repair is safe and effective when performed under a thoracoscope
. In conclusion, thoracic surgeons and anesthesiologists must be alerted to the possibility for the tracheal rupture in patients intubated with double-lumen tube.
 In a small series of four patients, Karasulu and colleagues diagnostic yield reached 75% using semi-rigid thoracoscope
.  The Role of medical thoracoscopy, a procedure done under local anesthesia with moderate sedation, in the management of undiagnosed pleural effusions is gaining ground in this region.
An 11-mm trocar was used to introduce the operating thoracoscope
and an exploratory thoracoscopy was performed.
He applied a pipe like thoracoscope
to make an artificial pneumothorax for collapse therapy of pulmonary tuberculosis.
Closed pleural biopsy by Cope needle was also performed along with thoracoscope
guided pleural biopsy.