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Related to though: thru


1. Despite the fact that; although: He still argues, though he knows he's wrong. Even though it was raining, she walked to work.
2. Conceding or supposing that; even if: Though they may not succeed, they will still try. See Usage Note at although.
1. However; nevertheless: Snow is not predicted; we can expect some rain, though.
2. Informal Used as an intensive: Wouldn't that beat all, though?

[Middle English, of Scandinavian origin; see to- in Indo-European roots.]
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.


conj (subordinating)
1. (sometimes preceded by even) despite the fact that: though he tries hard, he always fails; poor though she is, her life is happy.
2. as though as if: he looked as though he'd seen a ghost.
nevertheless; however: he can't dance: he sings well, though.
[Old English theah; related to Old Frisian thāch, Old Saxon, Old High German thōh, Old Norse thō]
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014



1. notwithstanding that; although: Though we tried hard, we lost the game.
2. even if; granting that (often prec. by even).
3. for all that; however.
as though, as if: It seemed as though the place was deserted.
[1150–1200; Middle English thoh < Old Norse thō; replacing Old English thēah, c. Old High German tho(h), Gothic thau(h)]
usage: Some usage guides object to the use of though in place of although as a conjunction. However, the latter (earlier all though) was orig. an emphatic form of the former, and there is nothing in contemporary English usage to justify such a distinction. Both are fully standard.
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.
although, though - Although and though are interchangeable as conjunctions, but to start a clause, use although.
See also related terms for interchangeable.
Farlex Trivia Dictionary. © 2012 Farlex, Inc. All rights reserved.


 of barons—Bk. of St. Albans, 1486.
Dictionary of Collective Nouns and Group Terms. Copyright 2008 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.


1. used as conjunctions

You use although or though to introduce a subordinate clause in which you mention something that contrasts with what you are saying in the main clause. Though is not used in very formal English.

I can't play the piano, although I took lessons for years.
It wasn't my decision, though I think I agree with it.

You can put even in front of though for emphasis.

She wore a coat, even though it was a very hot day.

Don't put 'even' in front of although.

Be Careful!
When a sentence begins with although or though, don't use 'but' or 'yet' to introduce the main clause. Don't say, for example, 'Although he was late, yet he stopped to buy a sandwich'. You say 'Although he was late, he stopped to buy a sandwich'.

Although he was English, he spoke fluent French.
Though he hadn't stopped working all day, he wasn't tired.

Be Careful!
Don't use although or though in front of a noun phrase. Don't say, for example, 'Although his hard work, he failed his exam'. You say 'In spite of his hard work, he failed his exam' or 'Despite his hard work, he failed his exam'.

In spite of poor health, my father was always cheerful.
Despite her confidence, Cindy was uncertain what to do next.
2. 'though' used as an adverb

Though is sometimes an adverb. You use it when you are making a statement that contrasts with what you have just said. You usually put though after the first phrase in the sentence.

Fortunately though, this is a story with a happy ending.
For Ryan, though, it was a busy year.

In conversation, you can also put though at the end of a sentence.

I can't stay. I'll have a coffee though.

Although is never an adverb.

Collins COBUILD English Usage © HarperCollins Publishers 1992, 2004, 2011, 2012
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Adv.1.though - (postpositive) however; "it might be unpleasant, though"
Based on WordNet 3.0, Farlex clipart collection. © 2003-2012 Princeton University, Farlex Inc.


1. although, while, even if, despite the fact that, allowing, granted, even though, albeit, notwithstanding, even supposing, tho' (U.S. or poetic) He's very attractive, though he certainly isn't a ladykiller.
1. nevertheless, still, however, yet, nonetheless, all the same, for all that, notwithstanding I like him. He makes me angry sometimes, though.
Collins Thesaurus of the English Language – Complete and Unabridged 2nd Edition. 2002 © HarperCollins Publishers 1995, 2002
ačkolii kdyžnicméněstejněvšak
dogselv om
ámbárde azért
òó , òótt, òrátt fyriròó, samt sem áîurþóþótt
...임에도 불구하고그렇지만비록~이긴 하지만
kaut arīlai gantačutomēr
ändåfastäntrots att
ama-diği haldegene degerçiher ne kadar
mặc dù


A. CONJaunque
though it was rainingaunque llovía
though small, it's goodaunque (es) pequeño, es bueno, si bien es pequeño, es bueno
as thoughcomo si + subjun
even though he doesn't want toaunque no quiera
strange though it may appearaunque parezca extraño, por muy extraño que parezca
young though she isaunque es joven, por muy joven que sea
see also as A5
B. ADVsin embargo, aun así
it's not so easy, thoughsin embargo or pero no es tan fácil
it's difficult, though, to put into practicepero es difícil llevarlo a la práctica
did he though?¿de veras?
Collins Spanish Dictionary - Complete and Unabridged 8th Edition 2005 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1971, 1988 © HarperCollins Publishers 1992, 1993, 1996, 1997, 2000, 2003, 2005


(= in spite of the fact that) → bien que + subj, quoique + subj
Though it's raining → Bien qu'il pleuve ..., Quoiqu'il pleuve ...
even though → bien que + subj
He's never got any money, even though his parents are quite rich → Il n'a jamais d'argent, bien que ses parents soient assez riches.
(= but) → mais
He's a nice person, though he's not very clever → Il est sympa, mais pas très malin.
It's not easy, though → Pourtant, ce n'est pas facile
I can't stay long. I'll have a coffee, though
BUT Je ne peux pas rester longtemps. Mais je prendrais bien un café quand même.
Collins English/French Electronic Resource. © HarperCollins Publishers 2005


(= in spite of the fact that)obwohl, obgleich, obschon; even thoughobwohl etc; though poor she is generousobwohl etc sie arm ist, ist sie großzügig; strange though it may seem …so seltsam es auch scheinen mag …, mag es auch noch so seltsam scheinen (geh); important though it may be/is …so wichtig es auch sein mag/ist, auch wenn es noch so wichtig ist …; though I say it or so myselfauch wenn ich es selbst sage
(liter: = even if) I will go (even) though it may cost me my lifeich werde gehen und sollte es mich (auch) das Leben kosten or und koste es das Leben (liter); though it take forever (liter)und dauerte es auch ewig (liter)
as thoughals ob
(= nevertheless)doch; he didn’t/did do it thougher hat es aber (doch) nicht/aber doch gemacht; I’m sure he didn’t do it thoughich bin aber sicher, dass er es nicht gemacht hat; nice day — rather windy thoughschönes Wetter! — aber ziemlich windig!
(= really) but will he though?tatsächlich?, wirklich?
(inf) hot, isn’t it? — isn’t it though!warm, was? — allerdings!
Collins German Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged 7th Edition 2005. © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1980 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1997, 1999, 2004, 2005, 2007


1. conjbenché + sub, sebbene + sub
though it was raining → benché piovesse
even though → anche se
strange though it may appear → per quanto strano possa sembrare
2. advtuttavia, comunque
it's not so easy, though → tuttavia non è così facile
Collins Italian Dictionary 1st Edition © HarperCollins Publishers 1995


(ðəu) conjunction
(rare abbreviation tho') despite the fact that; although. He went out, (even) though it was raining.
however. I wish I hadn't done it, though.
as though
as if. You sound as though you've caught a cold.
Kernerman English Multilingual Dictionary © 2006-2013 K Dictionaries Ltd.


رَغْمَ ذَلِكَ, مَعَ أَنَّ, وَلَوْ أَنَّ ačkoli, i když, však dog, selv om doch, obwohl αν και, όμως, ωστόσο aunque, sin embargo kuitenkin, vaikka bien que, même si, toutefois iako, no sebbene, tuttavia ・・・だけれども, ・・・にもかかわらず, でも ...임에도 불구하고, 그렇지만, 비록~이긴 하지만 desondanks, hoewel dog, om, selv om chociaż, jednak apesar, embora, no entanto однако, хотя ändå, fastän, trots att แม้ว่า, ถึงแม้ว่า, อย่างไรก็ตาม gerçi, her ne kadar, rağmen mặc dù 尽管, 虽然
Multilingual Translator © HarperCollins Publishers 2009
References in classic literature ?
Nevertheless, as upon the good conduct of the harpooneers the success of a whaling voyage largely depends, and since in the American Fishery he is not only an important officer in the boat, but under certain circumstances (night watches on a whaling ground) the command of the ship's deck is also his; therefore the grand political maxim of the sea demands, that he should nominally live apart from the men before the mast, and be in some way distinguished as their professional superior; though always, by them, familiarly regarded as their social equal.
"Who comes?" demanded the scout, throwing his rifle carelessly across his left arm, and keeping the forefinger of his right hand on the trigger, though he avoided all appearance of menace in the act.
Up it came root and all, as though it were a stalk of corn, and the stranger walked back trimming it as quietly as though pulling up trees were the easiest thing in the world.
I asked #100, and he rose up to #30; I fell to #80, and he rose again to #40; in a word, he offered #50, and I consented, only demanding a piece of lace, which I though came to about #8 or #9, as if it had been for my own wear, and he agreed to it.
But three short unmusical Saxon words, yet it was as though a mystical strain of music had passed through the wood.
In outer aspect, Pip and Dough-Boy made a match, like a black pony and a white one, of equal developments, though of dissimilar color, driven in one eccentric span.
My heart started to tremble within me, though I could not say why.
Well, my dear Reginald, I have seen this dangerous creature, and must give you some description of her, though I hope you will soon be able to form your own judgment she is really excessively pretty; however you may choose to question the allurements of a lady no longer young, I must, for my own part, declare that I have seldom seen so lovely a woman as Lady Susan.
Jennings; the length of which, though never exactly fixed, had been expected by all to comprise at least five or six weeks.
There, too, I admired, though I did not gather, the cranberries, small waxen gems, pendants of the meadow grass, pearly and red, which the farmer plucks with an ugly rake, leaving the smooth meadow in a snarl, heedlessly measuring them by the bushel and the dollar only, and sells the spoils of the meads to Boston and New York; destined to be jammed, to satisfy the tastes of lovers of Nature there.
But all this was only talk; in reality (though the Council of Fili, at which it was decided to abandon Moscow, had not yet been held) both those who went away and those who remained behind felt, though they did not show it, that Moscow would certainly be abandoned, and that they ought to get away as quickly as possible and save their belongings.
I SAW thee on thy bridal day - When a burning blush came o'er thee, Though happiness around thee lay, The world all love before thee: