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Related to though: thru


1. Despite the fact that; although: He still argues, though he knows he's wrong. Even though it was raining, she walked to work.
2. Conceding or supposing that; even if: Though they may not succeed, they will still try. See Usage Note at although.
1. However; nevertheless: Snow is not predicted; we can expect some rain, though.
2. Informal Used as an intensive: Wouldn't that beat all, though?

[Middle English, of Scandinavian origin; see to- in Indo-European roots.]


conj (subordinating)
1. (sometimes preceded by even) despite the fact that: though he tries hard, he always fails; poor though she is, her life is happy.
2. as though as if: he looked as though he'd seen a ghost.
nevertheless; however: he can't dance: he sings well, though.
[Old English theah; related to Old Frisian thāch, Old Saxon, Old High German thōh, Old Norse thō]



1. notwithstanding that; although: Though we tried hard, we lost the game.
2. even if; granting that (often prec. by even).
3. for all that; however.
as though, as if: It seemed as though the place was deserted.
[1150–1200; Middle English thoh < Old Norse thō; replacing Old English thēah, c. Old High German tho(h), Gothic thau(h)]
usage: Some usage guides object to the use of though in place of although as a conjunction. However, the latter (earlier all though) was orig. an emphatic form of the former, and there is nothing in contemporary English usage to justify such a distinction. Both are fully standard.
although, though - Although and though are interchangeable as conjunctions, but to start a clause, use although.
See also related terms for interchangeable.


 of barons—Bk. of St. Albans, 1486.


1. used as conjunctions

You use although or though to introduce a subordinate clause in which you mention something that contrasts with what you are saying in the main clause. Though is not used in very formal English.

I can't play the piano, although I took lessons for years.
It wasn't my decision, though I think I agree with it.

You can put even in front of though for emphasis.

She wore a coat, even though it was a very hot day.

Don't put 'even' in front of although.

Be Careful!
When a sentence begins with although or though, don't use 'but' or 'yet' to introduce the main clause. Don't say, for example, 'Although he was late, yet he stopped to buy a sandwich'. You say 'Although he was late, he stopped to buy a sandwich'.

Although he was English, he spoke fluent French.
Though he hadn't stopped working all day, he wasn't tired.

Be Careful!
Don't use although or though in front of a noun phrase. Don't say, for example, 'Although his hard work, he failed his exam'. You say 'In spite of his hard work, he failed his exam' or 'Despite his hard work, he failed his exam'.

In spite of poor health, my father was always cheerful.
Despite her confidence, Cindy was uncertain what to do next.
2. 'though' used as an adverb

Though is sometimes an adverb. You use it when you are making a statement that contrasts with what you have just said. You usually put though after the first phrase in the sentence.

Fortunately though, this is a story with a happy ending.
For Ryan, though, it was a busy year.

In conversation, you can also put though at the end of a sentence.

I can't stay. I'll have a coffee though.

Although is never an adverb.

ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Adv.1.though - (postpositive) however; "it might be unpleasant, though"


1. although, while, even if, despite the fact that, allowing, granted, even though, albeit, notwithstanding, even supposing, tho' (U.S. or poetic) He's very attractive, though he certainly isn't a ladykiller.
1. nevertheless, still, however, yet, nonetheless, all the same, for all that, notwithstanding I like him. He makes me angry sometimes, though.
ačkolii kdyžnicméněstejněvšak
dogselv om
ámbárde azért
òó , òótt, òrátt fyriròó, samt sem áîurþóþótt
...임에도 불구하고그렇지만비록~이긴 하지만
kaut arīlai gantačutomēr
ändåfastäntrots att
ama-diği haldegene degerçiher ne kadar
mặc dù


A. CONJaunque
though it was rainingaunque llovía
though small, it's goodaunque (es) pequeño, es bueno, si bien es pequeño, es bueno
as thoughcomo si + subjun
even though he doesn't want toaunque no quiera
strange though it may appearaunque parezca extraño, por muy extraño que parezca
young though she isaunque es joven, por muy joven que sea
see also as A5
B. ADVsin embargo, aun así
it's not so easy, thoughsin embargo or pero no es tan fácil
it's difficult, though, to put into practicepero es difícil llevarlo a la práctica
did he though?¿de veras?


(= in spite of the fact that) → bien que + subj, quoique + subj
Though it's raining → Bien qu'il pleuve ..., Quoiqu'il pleuve ...
even though → bien que + subj
He's never got any money, even though his parents are quite rich → Il n'a jamais d'argent, bien que ses parents soient assez riches.
(= but) → mais
He's a nice person, though he's not very clever → Il est sympa, mais pas très malin.
It's not easy, though → Pourtant, ce n'est pas facile
I can't stay long. I'll have a coffee, though
BUT Je ne peux pas rester longtemps. Mais je prendrais bien un café quand même.


(= in spite of the fact that)obwohl, obgleich, obschon; even thoughobwohl etc; though poor she is generousobwohl etc sie arm ist, ist sie großzügig; strange though it may seem …so seltsam es auch scheinen mag …, mag es auch noch so seltsam scheinen (geh); important though it may be/is …so wichtig es auch sein mag/ist, auch wenn es noch so wichtig ist …; though I say it or so myselfauch wenn ich es selbst sage
(liter: = even if) I will go (even) though it may cost me my lifeich werde gehen und sollte es mich (auch) das Leben kosten or und koste es das Leben (liter); though it take forever (liter)und dauerte es auch ewig (liter)
as thoughals ob
(= nevertheless)doch; he didn’t/did do it thougher hat es aber (doch) nicht/aber doch gemacht; I’m sure he didn’t do it thoughich bin aber sicher, dass er es nicht gemacht hat; nice day — rather windy thoughschönes Wetter! — aber ziemlich windig!
(= really) but will he though?tatsächlich?, wirklich?
(inf) hot, isn’t it? — isn’t it though!warm, was? — allerdings!


1. conjbenché + sub, sebbene + sub
though it was raining → benché piovesse
even though → anche se
strange though it may appear → per quanto strano possa sembrare
2. advtuttavia, comunque
it's not so easy, though → tuttavia non è così facile


(ðəu) conjunction
(rare abbreviation tho') despite the fact that; although. He went out, (even) though it was raining.
however. I wish I hadn't done it, though.
as though
as if. You sound as though you've caught a cold.


رَغْمَ ذَلِكَ, مَعَ أَنَّ, وَلَوْ أَنَّ ačkoli, i když, však dog, selv om doch, obwohl αν και, όμως, ωστόσο aunque, sin embargo kuitenkin, vaikka bien que, même si, toutefois iako, no sebbene, tuttavia ・・・だけれども, ・・・にもかかわらず, でも ...임에도 불구하고, 그렇지만, 비록~이긴 하지만 desondanks, hoewel dog, om, selv om chociaż, jednak apesar, embora, no entanto однако, хотя ändå, fastän, trots att แม้ว่า, ถึงแม้ว่า, อย่างไรก็ตาม gerçi, her ne kadar, rağmen mặc dù 尽管, 虽然
References in classic literature ?
For though we do have to work, we make fun of ourselves, and are a pretty jolly set, as Jo would say.
It was a comfortable room, though the carpet was faded and the furniture very plain, for a good picture or two hung on the walls, books filled the recesses, chrysanthemums and Christmas roses bloomed in the windows, and a pleasant atmosphere of home peace pervaded it.
Amy, though the youngest, was a most important person, in her own opinion at least.
It is only another name for trying to be good, and the story may help us, for though we do want to be good, it's hard work and we forget, and don't do our best.
Oh, you Wing Biddlebaum, comb your hair, it's falling into your eyes," commanded the voice to the man, who was bald and whose ner- vous little hands fiddled about the bare white fore- head as though arranging a mass of tangled locks.
Though dancing brought them together, it is now what they argue about the most.
Though sales of passenger cars and light trucks kept pace with last year and have actually grown slightly in the first half of '00, high inventories have resulted and plant idlings are planned in the second half.
Though outrage on an international scale tends to follow the discovery (whether latent or immediate) of such acts, one always feels that an act of true evil must be coupled with some other interest--economic or political--in order to truly gain the undivided attention of the international community.
Though fairly light, sweet-clover honey is antioxidant-rich, while a darkly golden mesquite version possesses relatively little antioxidant activity.
Do you speak disdainfully of Americans' "love affair with the car" as though it were a despicable perversion, or at least some kind of serious irrationality?
OBRA has not yet succeeded, though, in developing solid information on how to achieve them.