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Related to thyroglossal: Thyroglossal duct, thyroglossal fistula


a. tirogloso-a, rel. a la tiroides y a la lengua.
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6] Over descent migration of the thyroglossal duct remnants have been proposed as the possible event leading to mediastinal ectopic thyroids.
Differantial diagnosis included thyroglossal cyst, infection and lymphatic malformation.
1) The differential diagnoses for the contents are as follows: SCC from the epithelial lining, minor salivary gland tumors, ranula, obstructed submandibular duct, abscess, ludwig's angina, neurogenic tumor, lingual thyroid, thyroglossal duct cyst, hemangioma, lymphangioma, dermoid/epidermoid (Figures 15B and C).
Non-neoplastic and non-inflammatory lesion: Colloid goiter, adenomatous goiter, benign cystic lesion, hyperplasia, thyroglossal cyst, thyrotoxicosis.
Because of their potential for dangerous complications, vallecular cysts need to be part of the differential diagnosis that also includes hamartoma, hemangioma, thyroglossal duct cyst, cystic hygroma, teratoma, dermoid cyst, lymphangioma, lingual thyroid, and thyroid remnant cyst.
Diagnosis of an anterior neck mass is mostly limited to solitary thyroid nodule followed by thyroglossal duct cyst.
Thyroglossal duct is an endodermal diverticulum whose origin, foramen caecum, is located between the bases for the development of tongue, that is, in front of the copula, to be more specific.
History revealed that the patient was found thyroglossal cyst in 15 years old and accepted total excision of thyroglossal duct cyst in 18 years old.
During the live surgery he showed total thyroidectomy with block neck dissection, parathyroid adenoma while on first day he performed open right lobectomy, thyroglossal cyst and endoscopic thyroidectomy.
A Thyroglossal duct cyst (TGDC) is the most frequent congenital cervical anomaly (~70% in children and 7% in adults) in the development of the thyroid gland.
Other unusual sites reported include the salivary glands, biliary ducts and gallbladder, umbilicus and respiratory tract, bronchogenic and thyroglossal cysts, the spinal column, intra-abdominal and intrathoracic locations, and the urinary bladder and scrotum.
These included simple lobectomy block neck dissection total thyroidectomy endoscopic lobectomy parathyroid adenoma and Cistrunk operation for thyroglossal cyst.