3 for the tibialis posterior
and peroneal muscle groups bilaterally.
Across the pes planus literature a vast range of outcome measures have been reported, including lower limb muscle activity (Franattovich et al 2012), quadriceps and gluteus medius electromyography (Hertel 2005), the quadriceps femoris angle (Kuhn 2002), gait pattern (Kulcu et al 2007), tibialis posterior
activation (Kulig 2005), and ground reaction forces (Miller 1996).
The aim of the study is to assess the functional outcome of tibialis posterior
tendon transfer procedure and to identify factors that impact favourable outcome of tibialis posterior
Treatment commenced two weeks after the initial injury occurred and included soft tissue therapy (Active Release Technique[R] and instrument assisted soft tissue mobilization) on the gastrocnemius, soleus, flexor digitorum longus, flexor hallucis longus, tibialis posterior
, tibialis anterior and fibularis muscles, as well as a plan of rehabilitation exercises.
The present study was done to quantify and compare the proportionate changes of load bearing and the changes in gait line before and after Tibialis posterior
5 cm IV Exposed subchondral bone Table 2 ACL Graft Types Allograft Number Autograft Number Tibialis Anterior 16 BPTB 4 Patella Tendon 8 Hamstring 2 Tibialis Posterior
1 Achilles Tendon 1 Total 26 6 BPTB = bone-patellar tendon-bone.
The left foot was warm with a good ultrasound signal for the Arteria tibialis posterior
pulse but no signal for the Arteria dorsalis pedis.
Normally the flow in the distal tibialis posterior
artery and dorsalis pedis artery is high-resistance triphasic flow (Fig.
This selectivity would allow for isolated plantar flexion, or alternatively, balanced inversion via stimulation of the fascicular group containing the tibialis posterior
among weak plantar flexors such as the flexor digitorum longus and flexor hallucis longus.
A repeat fasciectomy of deep posterior compartment was performed, extended to muscle fascia (epimysium) and tibialis posterior
Other common injuries of the ankle and foot include Morton's neuroma, tibialis posterior
dysfunction, peroneal dislocation and extensor tendonitis.
The tarsal tunnel is a fibro-osseous structure along the medial ankle that contains the tibial nerve, the posterior tibial artery, and the tendons of the tibialis posterior
, flexor digitorum longus, and flexor hallucis longus.