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n. pl. ti·moc·ra·cies
1. A state described by Plato as being governed on principles of honor and military glory.
2. An Aristotelian state in which civic honor or political power increases with the amount of property one owns.

[Obsolete French tymocracie, from Medieval Latin tīmocratia, from Greek tīmokratiā : tīmē, honor, value + -kratiā, -cracy.]

ti′mo·crat′ic (tī′mə-krăt′ĭk) adj.
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.


n, pl -cies
1. (Government, Politics & Diplomacy) a political unit or system in which possession of property serves as the first requirement for participation in government
2. (Government, Politics & Diplomacy) a political unit or system in which love of honour is deemed the guiding principle of government
[C16: from Old French tymocracie, ultimately from Greek timokratia, from timē worth, honour, price + -cracy]
timocratic, ˌtimoˈcratical adj
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014


(taɪˈmɒk rə si)

n., pl. -cies.
1. government in which love of honor is the dominant motive of the rulers.
2. government in which a certain amount of property is requisite as a qualification for office.
[1580–90; ultimately < Greek tīmokratía=tīmo-, comb. form of tīmḗ honor, worth + -kratia -cracy]
ti`mo•crat′ic (-məˈkræt ɪk) adj.
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.


1. Platonism. a state in which a love of honor and glory is the guiding principle of the rulers.
2. Aristotelianism. a state in which the ownership of property is a qualification for office. — timocratie, timocratical, adj.
See also: Government
-Ologies & -Isms. Copyright 2008 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
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Shall we follow our old plan, which we adopted with a view to clearness, of taking the State first and then proceeding to the individual, and begin with the government of honour?--I know of no name for such a government other than timocracy, or perhaps timarchy.
First, then, I said, let us enquire how timocracy (the government of honour) arises out of aristocracy (the government of the best).
The best, in his view, is 'timocracy', a military state, like Sparta, based on honor.
There are five types of government in the dialogue, presented in the following order: aristocracy, which is rule by philosopher-kings, timocracy, in which the warriors are at the top, oligarchy, in which the rich run the government, democracy, in which the majority wields power, and tyranny, in which the state falls under the power of a lawless individual.
(Recall that Aristotle's Ethics has "timocracy"--rule of honor, that is, inequalities--in place of republican polity in its study of regimes.) The republic is about the whole regime, about citizen-soldiers and fellow workers united together for the common good.
Furthermore, in today's increasing international competitive dynamic power -dominated environments, colleges and universities must clearly define their positions on how to intellectually mobilize peoples' mind to promote academic freedom and civil liberty through observing principles of ethics via timocracy. It should be noted that environmental forces influence one another and rotationally, as well as important teaching, learning, reflecting, contributing, and researching in scientific disciplinary areas within a college or university, play crucial roles in alleviation of public awareness.
(3) In the Republic--I will return at length in this work--Plato identifies four types of government: timocracy (military society organized around imperialism); a sort of oligarchy (elite government by minority); tyranny/fascism (the government of One); and democracy (the government of the People's Assembly).
This reversal is the result of imperfections in how human beings governed themselves, which were illustrated by timocracy, oligarchy, democracy, and tyranny.
Sherberg aligns these relations with "the political models [Aristotle] discusses--monarchy, aristocracy, and timocracy and their negatives, tyranny, oligarchy, and democracy--[which] actually mimic, to his mind, the relationships, functional and dysfunctional respectively, found in families" (Governance 2-3).
The lay bets at the centre of the probe were placed on the Dehdashti-ridden Acosta, who was pulled up when 14-1 for a handicap hurdle at Huntingdon in May 2011; Jezza, fourth under Andrew Glassonbury when 7-1 for a maiden hurdle at Newton Abbot the following month; and Timocracy, a 12-1 chance partnered by Paddy Brennan when ninth of 13 in a handicap hurdle at Market Rasen in July that year.
NEWBURY: 6.10 Moody Tunes, 6.45 Cio Cio San, 7.15 Good Authority, 7.50 Zhiggy's Stardust, 8.25 Timocracy, 8.55 Cheers.
NAOMI MATTHEW: 6.10 Moody Tunes, 6.45 Cio Cio San, 7.15 Good Authority, 7.50 Zhiggy's Stardust, 8.25 Timocracy, 8.55 Cheers.